Biological and Ecological Effects of Oils

  • S. Shales
  • B. A. Thake
  • B. Frankland
  • D. H. Khan
  • J. D. Hutchinson
  • C. F. Mason

Abstract

This chapter reviews the effects of hydrocarbons on the different groups of organisms that interact in freshwater aquatic ecosystems. Nett effects on ecosystems are considered in Chapter 8.

Keywords

Rainbow Trout Water Soluble Fraction Fathead Minnow Refinery Wastewater Increase Ring Number 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Shales
    • 1
  • B. A. Thake
    • 1
  • B. Frankland
    • 1
  • D. H. Khan
    • 2
  • J. D. Hutchinson
    • 1
  • C. F. Mason
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Research in Aquatic BiologyQueen Mary College, University of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of EssexColchesterUK

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