Cooperation between Rivals: Informal Know-How Trading

  • Eric von Hippel
Part of the Studies in Industrial Organization book series (SIOR, volume 10)


It has long been recognized that it is difficult for an innovating firm to fully appropriate the benefits arising from its innovations, and that desired research might therefore not be performed (Nelson 1959, pp. 297–306). One sometimes possible solution to this dilemma is cooperative R&D conducted by firms who share the costs and benefits of particular R&D projects (Johnson 1973).


Informal Trading Trading Behavior Rival Firm Direct Competitor Industrial Dynamics 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric von Hippel
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyUSA

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