Advertisement

Linguistic Parameters in the Diagnosis of Dyslexia in Japanese and Chinese

  • Michel Paradis
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASID, volume 52)

Abstract

It has generally been assumed that Japanese kanji and Chinese characters are read via a “semantic processing route” whereas kana, a syllabic script, is processed via a “phonological processing route” (Hayashi, Ulatowska & Sasanuma, 1985). This is only partly true. It is true to the extent that only that which is susceptible of breakdown will break down. In order for something to go wrong in any system, that something must exist in the system. The various dyslexic symptoms reported so far in the literature are the result of the malfunctioning of a component of the reading processing system. If such a component did not exist, it could obviously not break down. Only to the extent that there exist certain components, and that they are made use of, can their impairment result in the observed deficits in reading performance.

Keywords

Chinese Character Semantic Radical Concrete Noun Semantically Transparent Compound Character 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beringer, K. & Stein, J. (1930) Analyse eines Falles von “reiner” Alexie. Zeitschrift für Neurologie, 123, 472–478.Google Scholar
  2. Besner, D. & Hildebrandt, N. (1987) Orthographic and phonolgical codes in the oral reading of Japanese kana. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 13, 335–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. DeFrancis, J. (1984) The Chinese language: Facts and fantasy. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
  4. Hayashi, M., Ulatowska, H. & Sasanuma, S. (1985) Subcortical aphasia with deep dyslexia: A case study of a Japanese patient. Brain and Language, 25, 293–313.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Marshall, J. C. (1982) Taxonomies of dyslexia. Lecture presented at the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University.Google Scholar
  6. Marshall, J. C. (1984) Toward a rational taxonomy of the developmental dyslexias. In R. N. Malatesha & H. A. Whitaker (Eds.), Dyslexia: A global issue. Dordrecht: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  7. Marshall, J. C. (1987) Routes and representations in the processing of written language. In E. Keller & M. Gopnik (Eds.), Motor and sensory processes in language, Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  8. Paradis, M., Hagiwara, H. & Hildebrandt, N. (1985) Neuro-linguistic aspects of the Japanese writing system. New York: Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Saffran, E. M. & Marin, O. S. M. (1977) Reading without phonology: Evidence from aphasia. Quarterly Journal of Elxperimental Psychology, 29, 515–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sasanuma, S. (1977) Impairment of written language in Japanese aphasics: kana versus kanji processing. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 2, 141–159.Google Scholar
  11. Schwartz, M. F., Saffran, E. M. & Marin, O. S. M. (1980) Fractionating the reading process in dementia: Evidence for word-specific print-to-sound associations. In M. Coltheart, K. Patterson & J. C. Marshall (Eds.), Deep dyslexia. London: Routledge Kegan Paul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Paradis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations