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A Contribution to the Experimental Quantification of Dry Deposition to the Canopy of Coniferous Trees

  • S. Barth
  • D. Klockow

Abstract

A field method is presented, which allows to determine dry deposition rates to the canopy of a spruce tree for some atmospheric constitutents such as Ca2+, Mg2+Na+, Cl- and total sulfur. The determination is based on the fact, that substances deposited through dry processes on needle surfaces, are washed off by subsequent rainfall and therefore are accumulated and can be measured in precipitation collected below the canopy. First results of this mass flux balance model, which directly includes the receiving surface, are discussed. The calculations carried out under neglection of source and sink terms indicate reasonable results for chloride and total sulfur, which are not subjected to considerable leaching or immobilization. For lead, which is immobilized on plant surfaces, the method presented underestimates the dry mass fluxes; for manganese, which is washed out of the needles to a great extent, it clearly overestimates them.

Keywords

Mass Flux Total Sulfur Sink Term Sulfate Particle Sulfur Sulfur 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Barth
    • 1
  • D. Klockow
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich ChemieUniversität DortmundDortmund 50Germany

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