Cyclotron Lines in the Spectra of Solar Flares and Solar Active Regions
It was shown by Zheleznyakov and Zlotnik (1980a, b) that in complex configurations of solar magnetic fields (in hot loops above the active centres, in neutral current sheets in the preflare phase, in hot X-ray kernels in the initial flare phase) a system of cyclotron lines in the spectrum of microwave radiation is likely to be formed. Such a line was obtained by Willson (1985) in the VLA observations at harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency. This communication interprets these observations on the basis of an active region model in which thermal cyclotron radiation is produced by hot plasma filling the magnetic tube in the corona above a group of spots. In this model the frequency of the recorded 1658 MHz line corresponds to the third harmonic of electron gyrofrequency, which yields the magnetic field (196 ± 4) G along the magnetic tube axis. The linewidth ∆f/f ~ 0.1 is determined by the 10% inhomogeneity of the magnetic field over the cross-section of the tube; the line profile indicates the kinetic temperature distribution of electrons over the tube cross-section with the maximum value 4 × 106 K. Analysis shows that study of cyclotron lines can serve as an efficient tool for diagnostics of magnetic fields and plasma in the solar active regions and flares.
KeywordsBrightness Temperature Kinetic Temperature Magnetic Field Inhomogeneity Magnetic Flux Tube Solar Active Region
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- Zheleznyakov, V. V. and Zlotnik, E. Ya.: 1980a, in M. Kundu and T. Gergely (eds.), Radio Physics of the Sun, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 87.Google Scholar