Advertisement

Liquid Metal in a Strong Magnetic Field

  • O. Lielausis
Part of the Mechanics of Fluids and Transport Processes book series (MFTP, volume 10)

Abstract

The study of MHD phenomena in the presence of strong magnetic fields has received a particular attention because of possible application of liquid metals to projected thermonuclear reactors. A wide range of phenomena relevant to various types of flows has evoked a great interest. One should consider both channel flows characteristic to blanket and flows in the form of films, jets or drops applicable to devices inside the vacuum chamber for plasma impurity control and first wall protection. The first experiment of introducing liquid metal into the discharge chamber of an operating Tokamak has been presented. Attention is paid to the description of experiments where superconducting magnets are used. Preliminary testing of different LM technologies under conditions when a dream about high-temperature superconductivity starts turning into reality is another factor evoking an interest in MHD phenomena in strong fields.

Keywords

Liquid Metal Fusion Reactor Strong Magnetic Field Contact Device Wall Protection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    DEM’JANENKO V.N., KARASEV B.G., KOLESNICHENKO A.F. et al., 1988, ‘Liquid metal in the magnetic field of a Tokamak reactor’, Magnitnaja Gidrodinamika, n. 1, 104.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    FRAAS A.P., YOUNG F.J., HOLCOMB R.S., 1975, ‘Magnetohydrodynamic test of an one-sixth scale model of a CTR recirculating lithium blanket’, Ann. Meeting Am.Nucl.Soc. New Orleans, Luisiana, 11 p.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    FRAAS A.P., LLOID D.B., MACPHERSON R.E., 1974, ‘Effects of a strong magnetic field on boiling of potassium’, Oak Ridge Nat.Lab., ORNL TM 4218, 28 p.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    MURAV’EV E.V., ORLOV V.V., KHRIPUNOV V.I., 1985, ‘Liquid metal cooling of a hybrid Tokamak reactor’, Voprosy atomnoj nauki i tekhniki, Ser. ‘Termoyâdernyi sintez’, Iss. 4, 24.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    ARGONNE NAT.LAB., 1984, ‘Blanket comparison and selection study. Final Report’, ANL/FPP-84–1.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    MIYAZAKI K., YAMASHITA S., YAMAOKA N., 1987, ‘Natural convection heat transfer of liquid lithium under transfere and parallel magnetic field’, J.Nucl.Sci.Technol., 25 (5), 409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    GRINBERG G.K., KAUDZE M.Z., LIELAUSIS O.A., 1985, ‘Investigation of local MHD pressure losses on a sodium loop with a superconducting magnet’, Magn.Gidrodin., n. 1, 121.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    LIPOV M.YU., MURAV’EV E.V., 1980, ‘On the development of high-efficient divertor systems for power tokamak reactors’, Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy, Preprint IAE-3290/8, 31 pGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Tokamak concept innovations’, 1986, IAEA-TECDOC-373, IAEA, Vienna, 596 p.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    ALPHER R.A., HURWITZ H., JOHNSON R.H., 1960, ‘Some studies of free-surface mercury magnetohydrodynamics’, Rev.Mod.Phys., v. 32, n. 4, 758.ADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    MURAV’EV E.V., 1988, ‘MHD film flows under the conditions of a fusion reactor’, Magn.Gidrodin., n. 1, 125.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    SHERCLIFF J.A., 1979, ‘Thermoelectric magnetohydrodynamics’, J.Fluid Mech., v. 91, n. 2, 231.ADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    UWMAC-II, ‘A conceptual Tokamak reactor design’, Univ. of Wisconsin, 1975, UWFDM-112.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Westinghouse compact poloidal divertor reference design’, 1977, WEPS-TME-042.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    LIPOV M.YU., MURAV’EV E.V., 1979, ‘On the development of highefficiient divertor systems for power Tokamak reactors’, Paper presented to the Soviet-American Meeting ‘Engineering and Economical Problems of Power Fusion Reactors, Kurchatov IAE, Moscow.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    WELLS A.M., 1981, ‘A system for handling divertor and energy flux based on lithium droplet cloud’, Nucl.Technol./Fusion, n. 1, 120.ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    KOLESNICHENKO A.F., 1982, ‘Tekhnologicheskie MGD-Ustanovki i Protsessi’, Naukova dumka, Kiev, 192 p.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    KARASEV B.G., LIELAUSIS O.A., MURAV’EV E.V., TANANAEV A.V., 1987, ‘Liquid metals in fusion reactors with magnetic confinement’, IAEA-TC392. 3/51, 239.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Kaudze M.Z.,Lielausis O.A.,1984,’Droplet collision with liquid metal surface in the presence of a magnetic field’,Magn.Gidrodin.,n.1,37.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    ABDOU M.A., HADID A.H., RAFFRAY A.R. et al., 1988, ‘Modelling, analysis and experiments for fusion nuclear technology’, Fusion Engineering and Design, 6, 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Lielausis
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsLatvian SSR Academy of SciencesRiga, SalaspilsUSSR

Personalised recommendations