Fallout of Saharan Dust in the Northwestern Mediterranean Region

  • A. Būcher
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 282)


The phenomenon of dust fallout from the Sahara occurs in France several times per year. The air masses that transport the dust are responsible for notable temperature increases. This article is also going to show what directions these air masses take, what the National Meteorology Office says about them, in what way weather reports may help, as well as images taken by satellites. Where dust fallout and mud rain in France are concerned, chemical analyses have been undertaken. The north west Saharan is an important source zone and during the period 1951 – 1960, the annual frequency of occurence of wind sand is shown. After extensive research in literature, 201 cases of Saharan dust fallout have been found and the monthly distribution has been calculated. In addition, 514 other cases are considered, in the appendix, there is a description of the network which is concerned with collecting information of the Saharan dust fallout.


National Park Source Zone North West Annual Frequency Saharan Dust 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andaloussi, M (1966): ″Tes vents de sable dans le sud-oranais″, unpublished report. Météo. Nat Pans.Google Scholar
  2. Bücher, A. and Lucas, C. (1972): ″Te nuaqe de poussière rouqe du 7 février 1972″, Bull. Soc. Hist. Natur. Toulouse 108, 437–445.Google Scholar
  3. Bücher, A. (1973): Ta température au sommet du Pic-du-Midi-de-Biqorre:\ La Météorologie 28, 19–50.Google Scholar
  4. Bücher, A. Dubief, J. and Lucas, C. (1983): ″Retombées estivales de poussières sahariennes sur TEurope″, Rev. géol. dyn. et géol. phys. 24, fasc. 2, 153–165.Google Scholar
  5. Bücher, A. and Lucas, C. (1984): ″Sédimentation éonenne intercontinentale, poussières sahariennes et géologie″, Bull. cent. Rech. Explor. Prod. Elf-Aquitaine 8 1, 151–165.Google Scholar
  6. Bücher, A. (1986): ″Recherches sur les poussières minérales d’origine saharienne″, thèse de Doctorat d’Etat, Université de Reims.Google Scholar
  7. tnrenherg C.G. (1849): ″ Passats taub und Blutregen, ein grosses organisches Unsichtbares. Wirken und leben in der Atmosphäre.″ Abh. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin.Google Scholar
  8. Ehrenberg G.G. (1871):″Ubersicht der seit 1847 fortgesetzen Untersuchungen über das von der Atmosphäre unsichtbar getragene reiche organische leben″ Abh. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin.Google Scholar
  9. Prodi, F. and Féa, G. (1978): ″Transport and deposition of Saharan dust over Alps″, in: 15e Internationale Taqunq für Alpine Meteoroloqie, Publ. Inst. Suisse de Météoroloqie, Grindelwald. 179–182.Google Scholar
  10. VanCampo, M. (1975): ″Pollen analyses in the Sahara″, in: Problems in Prehistory: North Africa and the Levant (F. Wendorfand A. E. Harks, eds.). So. Methodist Univ. Press. Dallas, 45–64.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Būcher
    • 1
  1. 1.Pic Du Midi ObservatoryBagneres De BigorreFrance

Personalised recommendations