Molecules in Galaxies: Results from Bell Laboratories

  • A. A. Stark
Part of the International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale book series (IAUH, volume 8)


A decade of galaxy observations at the Crawford Hill 7 m antenna are summarized. Significant results include the mapping of spiral arms in CO, the demonstration that gas in many spiral galaxies is roughly half atomic and half molecular, the detection of extragalactic HCO+, CS, 13CO and C18O, and the observation of molecular material in the halo of M82.


Molecular Cloud Spiral Galaxy Spiral Structure Bell Laboratory Molecular Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bieging, J. H., Blitz, L., Lada, C. J., and Stark, A. A. 1981 Ap. J, 247, 443.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blitz, L., Mathieu, R. D., and Bally, J. 1986 Ap. J, 311, 142.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boulanger, F., Stark, A. A., and Combes, F. 1981 Astr. Ap, 93, L1.ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Casoli, F., Combes, F., and Stark, A. A. 1987 Astr. Ap, 173, 43.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Encrenaz, P. J., Stark, A. A., Combes, F., and Wilson, R. W. 1979 Astr. Ap 78, L1.ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Henkel, C., and Bally, J. 1985 Astr. Ap, 150, L25.ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Knapp, G. R., Helou, G. and Stark, A. A. 1987 A. J, 94, 54.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Polk, K. S., Knapp, G. R., Stark, A. A., and Wilson, R. W. 1988 Ap. J, 332, 432.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Richmond, M. W., and Knapp, G. R. 1986 A. J, 91, 517.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ryden, B. S., and Stark, A. A. 1986 Ap. J 305, 823.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Stark, A. A. 1979 Ph. D. thesis, Princeton University Google Scholar
  12. Stark, A. A. 1984a in The Milky Way Galaxy ed. H. Van Woerden et al, p.p. 445.Google Scholar
  13. Stark, A. A. 1984b B.A.A.S 16, 538.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Stark, A. A., and Carlson, E. R. 1984 Ap. J, 279, 122.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Stark, A. A., Elmegreen, B. G., and Chance, D. 1987 Ap. J, 322, 64.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Stark, A. A., Frerking, M. A., and Linke, R. A. 1979 B.A.A.S 11, 415.ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Stark, A. A., Knapp, G. R., Bally, J., Wilson, R. W., Penzias, A. A., and Rowe, H. E. 1986 Ap.J, 310, 660.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Stark, A. A. and Wolff, R. S. 1979 Ap. J, 229, 118.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Verter, F. 1983 Ph. D. Thesis, Princeton University Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Astronomical Union 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Stark
    • 1
  1. 1.Crawford Hill LaboratoryAT&T Bell LaboratoriesHolmdelUSA

Personalised recommendations