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Nuclear Techniques in Surface Studies of Ceramics

  • Hj. Matzke
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 276)

Abstract

Nuclear techniques applying energetic ion beams to study structural defects, surfaces and near surface changes in non-stoichiometric ceramics are described. Most examples are for uranium oxide and nitride and for titanates. New results on leaching of UO2, formation of U3O7, leaching of SYNROC and radiation damage effects due to ion implantation of UO2 and UN are treated. The techniques described in detail are Rutherford backscattering, RBS (with and without channeling), nuclear reactions such as 23Na(p,α)20Ne, elastic recoil deflection analysis, ERDA and high resolution α-spectroscopy. Elements between H and actinides and gradients in their concentration near surfaces can easily and accurately be measured.

Keywords

Nuclear Reaction Uranium Oxide Rutherford Backscattering Nuclear Technique Nonstoichiometric Compound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hj. Matzke
    • 1
  1. 1.Joint Research Centre, Karlsruhe Establishment, European Institute for Transuranium ElementsCommission of the European CommunitiesKarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany

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