Prognostic Factors Associated with the First Episode of Peritonitis
Peritonitis is the most common and perhaps the most bothersome complication associated with Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD). The National CAPD Registry1 reports that 43% of patients receiving CAPD for End- Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) experience their first episode of peritonitis within six months of beginning treatment, and that 63% of patients experienced an episode within 12 months. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the time to the first episode of peritonitis and a number of patient characteristics for which information is available in the Registry. Specifically, the role of patients’ age, sex, race, living arrangement (with or without family), history of diabetes, and prior therapy for ESRD are examined to determine whether they are associated with the development of peritonitis. The relationship between those variables and repeated episodes of peritonitis are beyond the scope of this analysis.
KeywordsRisk Score Additional Risk Living Arrangement Black Patient White Patient
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