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Prognostic Factors Associated with the First Episode of Peritonitis

  • Anne S. Lindblad
  • Joel W. Novak
  • Karl D. Nolph
Part of the Developments in Nephrology book series (DINE, volume 23)

Abstract

Peritonitis is the most common and perhaps the most bothersome complication associated with Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD). The National CAPD Registry1 reports that 43% of patients receiving CAPD for End- Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) experience their first episode of peritonitis within six months of beginning treatment, and that 63% of patients experienced an episode within 12 months. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the time to the first episode of peritonitis and a number of patient characteristics for which information is available in the Registry. Specifically, the role of patients’ age, sex, race, living arrangement (with or without family), history of diabetes, and prior therapy for ESRD are examined to determine whether they are associated with the development of peritonitis. The relationship between those variables and repeated episodes of peritonitis are beyond the scope of this analysis.

Keywords

Risk Score Additional Risk Living Arrangement Black Patient White Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Report of the National CAPD Registry of the National Institutes of Health: Characteristics of Participants and Selected Outcome Measures for the Period January 1, 1981, through August 31, 1984. NIADDK, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mantel, N. Evaluation of survival data and two new rank order statistics arising in its consideration. Cancer Chemother Rep 1966; 50:163–170.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cox, D.R. Regression models and life tables (with discussion). J Royal Stat Soc (B) 1972; 34:187–220.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne S. Lindblad
    • 1
  • Joel W. Novak
    • 1
  • Karl D. Nolph
    • 2
  1. 1.Data Coordinating CenterThe EMMES CorporationPotomacUSA
  2. 2.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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