Evaluation of Environmental Hazards

  • Klavs Bender
Conference paper


The paper describes various sources of chemical, physical, biological and toxicological information on substances. It describes classification systems of shipborne chemicals and the grouping of chemicals according to their primary spreading capabilities when discharged to the environment. It refers to the ICES research activity guide to be used after oil pollution incidents and suggests a similar guide be developed covering all aspects of chemical pollution in emergency situations. This guide should be developed in the regime of an international body, i.e. ICES, The European Community or the Bonn Convention.


International Maritime Organization American Petroleum Institute Bonn Convention Toxicological Information Chemical Spill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. /1/.
    MARPOL convention. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships. 1973. Ammended 1978. IMO. London.Google Scholar
  2. /2/.
    GESAMP. The evaluation of the hazard of harmful substances carried by ships. Report and Studies. No. 17. IMO. London.Google Scholar
  3. /3/.
    Sax, J., B. Feiner, Y.Y. Fitzgerald, T.Y. Aley: Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. Sixth Ed. Van Nos Reinhold, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  4. /4/.
    Spaans, L.: Methods of combatting pollution resulting from chemical spills. North Sea Directorate. 1981. The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  5. /5/.
    Bender, K. and R. Taylor: Oil Spill Contingency Planning in Thailand. Proceedings of the 1987 Oil Spill Conference. American Petroleum Institute. Washington D.C. USA.Google Scholar
  6. /6/.
    Atlas of the Seas around the British Isles. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. 1981. London. Great Britain.Google Scholar
  7. /7/.
    Research activities related to oil pollution incidents. Cooperative Research Report No. 107. ICES. Copenhagen Denmark.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klavs Bender
    • 1
  1. 1.Water Quality InstituteHoersholmDenmark

Personalised recommendations