Emission Lines of CI and N II in Planetary Nebulae
A model potential method (Caves and Dalgarno, 1972, J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Transf., 12, 1539) was used to calculate accurate nonhydrogenic radiative recombination rates and transition probabilities of singly excited states of CI and N II. The results can be used to determine the excitation mechanism of emission lines and to estimate N III concentrations in nebulae with CI and N II emission lines. In most nebulae, observed permitted lines of N II are produced by radiative recombination, but sometimes stronger recombination lines are missing in their spectra. The [CI] lines observed in NGC 7027 cannot be explained by simple radiative and dielectronic recombination. The low [CI] λλ9850 + 23/ λ8727 value may indicate that the emission is produced in high density (Ne ~ 105 cm-3) condensations where partial collisional deexcitation of metastable levels, takes place. N III concentrations were determined using published data of NGC 3242, NGC 3918, and NGC 6572. The procedure outlined by Wilkes et al. (1981, M.N.R.A.S., 197, l) to determine N abundances from (N+ + N++)/He+ ratios does not always give consistent results with UV or [N II] data. The problem may be due to errors in the calculation of transition probabilities involving the doubly excited levels 2s2p3 3P° and 3D° of N II that affect the branching and effective recombination rate of the multiplet N II λ5680.