Economic Process for Softening Produced Water Used in Secondary Oil Recovery

  • F. X. McGarvey
  • R. Gonzalez


Usually natural oil reservoirs are sufficiently pressurized to allow the recovery of about one-third of the crude oil in the deposit. A secondary recovery is possible for another third of the oil using various ways to pressurize the strata. One way to accomplish this uses hot water and high pressure steam. The water used in this process either comes from surface sources or from “produced water” which comes from the oil field itself.


Acidic Cation High Pressure Steam Calcium Magnesium Synthetic Water Service Cycle 
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    McGarvey, F., Ziarkowski, S. and Gottlieb, M., Water Conditioning for Oil Well Flooding. 18th Annual Liberty Bell Corrosion Course, September 30, 1980, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.Google Scholar
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    McGarvey, F., Hauser, E. and Ziarkowski, S., Ion Exchange Studies on the Softening of High Solids Waters for Enhanced Oil Recovery. 20th Annual Liberty Bell Corrosion Course, September 19Ö2, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. X. McGarvey
    • 1
  • R. Gonzalez
    • 1
  1. 1.Sybron Chemicals IncBirminghamUSA

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