Advertisement

Cardiomyoplasty

  • G. J. Magovern
  • I. Y. Christlieb

Abstract

Twenty years after the first human cardiac transplantation and 5 years after the first artificial heart implant, when technological advancements in cardiac surgery seem to have reached a plateau and apparently nothing in sight can astonish the world in this field, a 50-year-old concept comes back to regain strength and to offer promise to a potentially large number of patients who are neither good candidates for transplant nor subjects for mechanical assist in its present stage of development.

Keywords

Latissimus Dorsi Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Latissimus Dorsi Flap Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap Left Pleural Cavity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    De Jesus, F.R. (1931). Breves Consideraciones Sobre Un Caso De Herida Penetrante Del Corazon. Bol. Assoc. Med. PR, 23, 380Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leriche, R. and Fontaine, R. (1933). Essai experimental de traitement de certains infarctus du myocarde et de l’anevrisme du coeur par une greffe de muscle strie. Bull. Soc. Nat. Chir., 59, 229Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beck, C.S. (1935). The development of a new blood supply to the heart by operation. Ann. Surg., 102, 801PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chiu, R. C-J. (1986). Introduction. In Chiu, R. C-J. (ed.) Biomechanical Cardiac Assist — Cardiomyoplasty and Muscle-powered Devices, p. xiii. (Mount Kisco: Futura)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Griffith, G.C. and Bates, W. (1938). A ventricular perforation in transplanting a new blood supply. New Int. Clin., 2, 17Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weinstein, M. and Shafiroff, B.G. (1946). Grafts of free muscle transplants upon the myocardium. Science, 104, 410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kantrowitz, A. and McKinnon, W. (1959). The experimental use of the diaphragm as an auxiliary myocardium. Surg. Forum, 9, 266Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kantrowitz, A. (1960). Functioning autogenous muscle used experimentally as an auxiliary ventricle. Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Int. Org., 6, 305Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nakamura, K. and Glenn, W.L. (1964). Graft of diaphragm as a functioning substitute for myocardium. J. Surg. Res., 4, 435PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Petrovsky, B.V. (1966). Surgical treatment of cardiac aneurysms. J. Cardiovasc. Surg., 7, 87Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dewar, M.L., Drinkwater, D.C. and Chiu, R.C-J. (1984). Synchronously stimulated skeletal muscle graft for myocardial repair. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 87, 325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Termet, H., Chalencon, J.L. and Estour, E. (1966). Transplantation sur le myocarde d’un muscle strie ’excite’ par pace-maker. Ann. Chir. Thorac. Cardio., 5, 270Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Christ, J. and Spira, M. (1982). Application of the latissimus dorsi muscle to the heart. Ann. Plas. Surg., 8, 118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chachques, J.C., Carpentier, A. and Chavaud, S. (1984). Development of a non-tiring stimulation of the latissimus dorsi flap to replace myocardium. Artif. Organs, 8, 379Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Carpentier, A., Chachques, J.C. and Grandjean, P.A. (1985). Transformation d’un muscle squeletique par stimulation séquentielle progressive en vue de son utilisation comme substitut myocardique. C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris, 301, 581Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chachques, J.C., Mitz, V. and Hero, M. (1985). Experimental cardioplasty using the latissimus dorsi muscle flap. J. Cardiovasc. Surg., 26, 457Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chachques, J.C., Grandjean, P.A. and Carpentier, A. (1986). Dynamic cardiomyoplasty: experimental cardiac wall replacement with a stimulated skeletal muscle. In Chiu, R.C-J. (ed.) Biomechanical Cardiac Assist — Cardiomyoplasty and Muscle-powered Devices, p. 59. (Mount Kisco: Futura)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fecht, D.C., Magovern, G.J. and Dixon, C.M. (1976). Autogenous skeletal muscle as an artificial heart power source. Med. Instrum., Jan/FebGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sola, O.M., Dillard, D.H. and Ivey, T.D. (1981). Autotransplantation of skeletal muscle into the myocardium. Circulation, 71, 341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Eisenberg, B.R. and Salmons, S. (1981). The reorganization of subcellular structure in muscle undergoing fast-to-slow type transformation. Cell. Tissue Res., 220, 449PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Christlieb, I.Y, Kao, R.L. and Magovern, G.J., Jr. (1987). Correlation between fiber conversion and power in electrically stimulated in situ skeletal muscles. The Physiologist, 30, 199Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Armenti, F., Bitto, T. and Macoviak, J.A. (1984). Transformation of skeletal muscle for cardiac replacement. Surg. Forum, 35, 258Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kusaba, E., Schrant, W. and Sawatani, S. (1973). A diaphragmatic graft for augmenting LV function: a feasibility study. Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Intern. Org., 19, 251Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Drinkwater, D, Chiu, R. C-J. and Modry, D. (1980). Cardiac assist and myocardial repair with synchronously stimulated skeletal muscle. Surg. Forum, 31, 271Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Macoviak, J.A., Stephenson, L.W. and Spielman, S. (1981). Replacement of ventricular myocardium with diaphragmatic skeletal muscle. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 81, 519PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Chachques, J.C., Mitz, V. and Hero, M. (1984). Transfert d’un muscle innerve’ sur le coeur. In Magalon, G. et al. (eds.) Les Lambeaux Pedicules Musculaires et Musculo-cutanes. p. 5. (Paris: Masson)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Macoviak, J.A., Stephenson, L.W. and Alavi, A. (1984). Effect of electrical stimulation on diaphragmatic muscle used to enlarge right ventricle. Surgery, 90, 271Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Carpentier, A. and Chachques, J.C. (1986). The use of stimulated skeletal muscle to replace diseased human heart muscle. In Chiu, R. C-J. (ed.) Biomechanical Cardiac Assist — Cardiomyoplasty and Muscle-powered Devices, p. 85. (Mount Kisco: Futura)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Magovern, G.J., Heckler, F.R., Park, S.B. and Christlieb, I.Y. (1987).Paced latissimus dorsi used for dynamic cardiomyoplasty of left ventricular aneurysms. Ann. Thorac. Surg., 44, 379PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Grandjean, P.A., Carpentier, A. and Chachques, J.C. (1988). Personal communicationGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Magovern, G.J., Heckler, F.R., Park, S.B, Christlieb, I.Y, Liebler, G.A, Burkholder, J.A, Maher, T.D, Benckart, D.H., Magovern, G.J, Jr. and Kuo, R.L. (1988). Paced skeletal muscle for dynamic cardiomyoplasty. Ann. Thorac. Surg., 45, 614PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Phillips, W.L, Pallin, S. and Crastnopol, P. (1969). Diaphragm transplantation. Angiology, 20, 635CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. J. Magovern
  • I. Y. Christlieb

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations