Political checks and balances and the structure of taxation in the United States and Canada

  • Stanley L. Winer
  • Walter Hettich
Part of the International Studies in Economics and Econometrics book series (ISEE, volume 21)


This paper focuses on structural or intra-governmental competition, an aspect of political systems that differs from competitive behavior related to political parties, bureaucracy or federalism. The essence of such competition is best captured by the expression “checks and balances”. It exists in any situation where we have competing centers of power within a governing structure. Checks and balances may arise from a written constitution or they may result from less formal institutional arrangements creating countervailing forces within the government.


Parliamentary System Structural Competition Canada Pension Plan Quebec Pension Plan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanley L. Winer
  • Walter Hettich

There are no affiliations available

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