The blind Belisar as beggar

  • Wolfgang Jaeger
Part of the History of Ophthalmology book series (ACOI, volume 3)

Abstract

The blind Belisar as an example of the sudden fall from honour and glory to poverty and distress inspired not only Rembrandt but also several artists from the 17th to the 19th century. The contemporary historians report that Belisar was dismissed by Justinian because of envy and distrust and that he died in poverty. Details about his blinding can be found only in an epic of the 12th century. A report is given about the different gruesome techniques of blinding that existed during the centuries of Byzantine empire.

Keywords

Sudden Fall Contemporary Historian Roman Empire Residual Vision Moral Advice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bovini G. & Matt Lv. Ravenna. Du Mont Schauberg, Köln 1971.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Held JS. Der blinde Tobias und seine Heilung in Darstellungen Rembrandts. Mit einem Vorwort von W. Jaeger. Die medizinhistorische Bedeutung der Tobiasheilungen Rembrandts. Brausdruck Heidelberg 1980. Belisar Fig. 20.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pigler A. Barockthemen II. Berlin-Budapest 1956. p. 425–426.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mahoney M. The drawings of Salvator Rosa. New York-London 1977 I p. 461–462 and II Fig. 41, 1. - Salerno L. Salvator Rosa. Florence 1963. Fig. 32.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schenck Ev. Belisar. Romantisches Trauerspiel in 5 Aufzügen. Reclam o.J.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ashbrook W. Donizetti and his operas. Cambridge 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Beck HG. Geschichte der byzantinischen Volksliteratur. In: Byzantinisches Handbuch im Rahmen des Handbuchs der Altertumswissenschaft II, 3. S. 150–153. C.H. Beck. München 1971.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Follieri E. Il poema bizantino del Belisario. In: La poesia epica e la sua formazione. Academia Nationale dei Lincei 1970. Quaderno 139. p. 583–651. (publication in Greek and Italian).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schaab M. Die Blendung als politische Maßnahme im abendländischen Früh-und Hochmittelalter. Diss. Heidelberg 1955. Reporting the practices in the history of the Byzantine Emperors, demonstrated by the Diss. of O. Lampsides Athens 1949.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jaeger W. Die verschiedenen Formen der Blendung und ihre Darstellung in der Kunst. Proceedings XXX. International Congress of the history of medicine. Düsseldorf 1986. Ed. H. Schadewaldt. Vicom K.G. Leverkusen 1988. S. 591–603.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Georgios Pachymeres 3, 16.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hoppe U. Ophthalmologische Beiträge zur Technik der Blendung. Diss. Heidelberg 1962.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gellius, Noctes Atticae 10, 17; Plutarch de curiositate 12 p. 521 CAD.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wallace RW. Salvator Rosa’s Democritus and L’umana Fragilità. The Art Bulletin 50 (1) 20–26 (1968) Fig. 9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Jaeger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.HeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.HeidelbergGermany

Personalised recommendations