Reactions of OH Radicals with Alkyl Nitrates

  • O. J. Nielsen
  • M. Donlon
  • H. W. Sidebottom
  • J. J. Treacy

Summary

Rate constants for the reaction of OH radicals and CI atoms with a series of n-alkyl nitrates have been determined at 295 ±3K and a total pressure of approximately 1 atm. The OH rate data were obtained using both the absolute rate technique of pulse radiolysis combined with kinetic spectroscopy and a conventional relative rate method. Chlorine atom rate constants were measured using only the relative rate method. The results of the present study indicate that at atmospheric pressure rate data for the reaction of OH radicals with alkyl nitrates from both direct and relative rate experiments are in good agreement. The data show that the nitrate group substantially decreases the rate constant for H atom abstraction from groups bonded to the -ONO2 groups and also decrease those for groups in the β position. Similar results were found for the reaction of CI atoms with these compounds. Evidence is also presented for an addition reaction of OH radicals with the nitrates.

Keywords

Bond Dissociation Energy Pulse Radiolysis Hydrogen Atom Abstraction Methyl Nitrate Methyl Nitrite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© ECSC, EEC, EAEC, Brussels and Luxembourg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. J. Nielsen
    • 1
  • M. Donlon
    • 2
  • H. W. Sidebottom
    • 2
  • J. J. Treacy
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentRise National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity College DublinDublinIreland
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryDublin Institute of TechnologyDublinIreland

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