Water Management in Aging Industrial Districts

  • Gunther Annen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 180)


In most large cities in the FRG the public water supply and waste disposal systems are more than one hundred years old. Some systems dating back to the very beginnings are still in use. However the conditions in the large cities are not representative. In smaller communities the construction of systems for water supply and waste disposal was not initiated until a much later stage. Consequently, 85% of the sewer systems in the FRG were installed since 1950. Understandably enough, the need for redevelopment primarily concerns the older systems.


Sewer System Concrete Slab Public Water Supply Sewage Plant Waste Water System 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunther Annen
    • 1
  1. 1.Emschergenossenschaft and LippeverbandEssen 1Germany

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