Changes in Cognitive and Value Orientations in System Design

  • Ladislav Tondl
Part of the Philosophy and Technology book series (PHTE, volume 7)


The phrase, “cognitive and value orientations,” when applied to technology, presupposes that a technological system is a materialization or instantiation of a set of cognitive features and a set of valuations. Discussions dealing with the explanation of technological change commonly point out the role of value orientations and the significance of decision making as influenced by accepted values. Discussions of new cognitive orientations in technology generally call for an interdisciplinary approach involving the dynamics of behavior, spatial and temporal impacts, and prognoses with respect to the preparation for, the planning of, and the design of particular technological processes. New approaches in value orientations postulate that technical and humanitarian rationales can be combined; people speak of “human dimensions” or of the “controllability” or “manageability” or “acceptability” of technologies, or else they talk about solving “ergonomic” or “ecological” problems associated with technology. This essay is an attempt to clarify these changes.


Technological Change Technological Project Technical Innovation Technical Discipline Cognitive Orientation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

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  • Ladislav Tondl

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