The Concept of “Person” Between Existence and the Realm of Life
Contemporary philosophy, in its attempt at epistemological clarification with respect to psychiatry, has yielded evidence of the interdisciplinary nucleus of research in both diagnosis and therapy. That brings to light the anthropological basis of research in the present debate between those who support biological primacy in psychiatry and those who support of psychological primacy. In fact psychiatry lies at a point of convergence between the natural science and the humanities since man manifests his pathological disturbances as much on a corporeal level as on a spiritual one. For this reason the person encompasses simultaneously the organic unity and the spiritual being of the individual. The person finds himself in the realm of life, interpreted in a natural sense, and in an existence characterized by experiences which represent the states of the conscious mind. In consequence, the contributions of phenomenology to the analysis process that have been proposed by such investigators as Husserl, Scheler, Merleau-Ponty, and Tymieniecka are vital to the problem under discussion. In such forms of analysis in fact, even though they are of different character, the problems of subjectivity, corporeality, the centrality of consciousness, and of the continuity which exists between the biology and the psychology of the human being emerge.
KeywordsSpiritual Life Outward Appearance Human Reality Conscious Mind Phenomenological Philosophy
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