Advertisement

A Radar Reflectivity-Runoff Model for use in Flood Warning

  • L. R. Trovati
  • A. Mattos

Summary

A flood forecast linear model with a warning objective is proposed. This model connects directly the radar reflectivity data and hydrological variable runoff. The catchment is discretized in pixels (4 Km × 4 Km) with the same resolution of the CAPPI. Careful discretization is made so that every grid catchment pixel corresponds precisely to CAPPI grid cell. The basin is assumed a linear system and also time invariant.

The forecast technique takes advantage of spatial and temporal resolutions obtained by the radar. The method uses only the measurements of the factor reflectivity distribution observed over the catchment area without using the reflectivity - rainfall rate transformation by the conventional Z - R relationships. The reflectivity values in each catchment pixel are translated to a gauging station by using a transfer function. This transfer function represents the travel time of the superficial water folowing through pixels in the drainage direction ending at the gauging station. The parameters used to compute the transfer function are concentration time and the physiographic catchment characteristics.

The reflectivity measurements in every pixel are stored in an arrival queue form taking in to account their translation in time. The queue is updated with every new CAPPI by advancing positions of the reflectivity values. Reflectivity values stored in the queue may be examined at any moment to create a reflectivity histogram with the arrival time in the abscissa. Only intense rain events were considered for which this linear model may apply.

The Z-Q model calibration is made by the correlation of branch of the hydrograph (up to the peak) because the main purpose is flood warning. The model was tested in the catchment of the Jacaré-Guaçu River (São Paulo State - Brazil). The results showed that the Z-Q model shows a potential for operational forecast system in the catchments that have short lead time.

Keywords

Reservoir Management Flood Warning Warning Level Radar Rain Arrival Queue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. (1).
    SCHULTZ, G. A. (1988) - Remote sensing in hydrology. Journal of Hydrology, 100: 239–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. (2).
    BATTAN, L. J. (1973) - Radar observation of the atmosphere. University of Chicago Press, 324 p.Google Scholar
  3. (3).
    WILSON, J. M. (1976) - Radar-rain gauge precipitation measurements: a summary. Proceedings, NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HYDROMETEOROLOGY, 1st, Forth Worth, Texas, 72–75.Google Scholar
  4. (4).
    ZAWADZKI, I. I. (1984) - Factor affecting the precision of radar measurements of rain. Proceedings, CONFERENCE ON RADAR METEOROLOGY, 22nd, American Meteorological Society, 251–256.Google Scholar
  5. (5).
    N. W. W. R. P. (1985) - North West Water Radar Project; Meteorological Office; Water Research Center Department of Environment Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Report of the steering group. Consortium Report, September.Google Scholar
  6. (6).
    CALHEIROS, R. V. (1982) - Resolucäo espacial das estimativas de precipitacão com radar hidrometeorológico. (Tese de Doutorado - Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos / USP). 229 p., dezembro.Google Scholar
  7. (7).
    REED, D. W. (1984) - A review of british flood forecasting practice. INSTITUTE OF HYDROLOGY, Report, nr. 90.Google Scholar
  8. (8).
    TROVATI, L. R. (1988) - Modelo de comparacão entre o fator de refletividade do radar e vazões para estabelecer alertas de cheias. (Tese de Doutorado - Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos/ USP), 150 p., julho.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ECSC, EEC, EAEC, Brussels and Luxembourg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. R. Trovati
    • 1
  • A. Mattos
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha SolteiraUNESPIlha Solteira, S. PauloBrasil
  2. 2.Escola de Engenharia de S. CarlosUSPS. Carlos, S. PauloBrasil

Personalised recommendations