Spontaneous contrast can be seen in the heart if flow velocities are very low such as in the LA in mitral stenosis (Fig. 4-1, 4-2) and in the LV in dilating cardiomyopathy. Also with TEE from prosthetic valves, spontaneous contrast can be found. If good quality pictures can be made, spontaneaous contrast can also be found in a normal IVC and in normal liver veins.
KeywordsHepatic Vein Dilate Cardiomyopathy Prosthetic Valve Doppler Echocardiography Mitral Stenosis
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