Trans-thoracic echocardiographic examination

  • J. P. M. Hamer
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 109)


Air-containing lung tissue prevents ultrasound penetration. Thus, it can be very difficult or impossible to obtain recordings from patients with emphysema. The area on the chest without lung tissue between the transducer and the heart is rather small. Usually this ‘acoustic window’ is only found from the lower left parasternal region to the apex. An abdominal acoustic window for examination of the heart and also for the IVC is the subcostal position. For examination of the thoracic aorta the suprasternal transducer position is useful.


Aortic Valve Hepatic Vein Aortic Root Tricuspid Valve Axis View 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Feigenbaum H: Echocardiography, 4th ed. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. M. Hamer
    • 1
  1. 1.Thoraxcentre, Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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