Effect of Temperature and PFD on the Susceptibility of Leaves to Photoinhibition and Recovery

  • Dennis H. Greer
  • W. A. Laing

Abstract

Leaves of many plants are susceptible to photoinhibition of photosynthesis. This results from exposure to photon flux densities (PFD) in excess of that normally experienced during growth and is manifest as a reduction in photosynthetic activity (1). However, photoinhibition can also occur when leaves are unable to utilise the available excitation energy through the effects of plant stress on photosynthesis, (2,3,4,5). The impact of this stress-induced photoinhibition on photosynthetic activity and consequent growth of plants is, however, largely unknown. However, willow leaves experienced about 10–20% photoinhibition under natural conditions throughout much of the growing season (6) and tropical fruit tree species become photoinhibited in cool winter conditions (7). By contrast, tropical grasses showed no evidence of photoinhibition in midsummer conditions (8). Therefore, little attention has been paid to defining conditions that make plants susceptible to photoinhibition. In this paper, the prevailing leaf environment and also the growth conditions that cause plants, but in particular Actinidia deliciosa (kiwifruit), to become susceptible to photoinhibition and those that influence the subsequent recovery, are addressed.

Keywords

Leaf Temperature Growth Light Actinidia Deliciosa Photon Flux Density Chronic Photoinhibition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Powles, S.B. (1984) Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 35, 15–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Greer, D.H., Berry, J.A. and Björkman, O. (1986) Planta 168, 253–250Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Strand, M. and Öquist, G. (1985) Physiol. Plant. 64, 425–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Björkman O. and Powles, S.B. (1984) Planta 161, 490–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ferrar, P.J. and Osmond, C.B. (1986) Planta 168, 563–570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ogren, E. (1988) Planta 175, 229–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Smillie, R.M., Hetherington, S.E., He, J. and Nott, R. (1988) Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 15, 207–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ludlow, M.M., Samarakoon, S.P. and Wilson, J.R. (1988) Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 15, 669–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Greer, D.H. and Laing, W.A. (1989) Planta (in press)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Powles, S.B. and Björkman, O. (1982) Planta 156, 97–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Björkman, O. (1987) in Photoinhibition (Kyle, D.J., Osmond, C.B. and Arntzen, C.J. eds.), Vol. 9, pp 123–144, Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Greer, D.H., Laing, W.A. and Kipnis, T. (1988) Planta 174, 152–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Greer, D.H. and Laing, W.A. (1988) Planta 175, 355–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Powles, S.B. and Critchley, C. (1980) Plant Physiol. 65, 1181–1187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Demmig, B. and Björkman, O. (1987) Planta 171, 171–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Greer, D.H. and Hardacre, A.K. (1989) Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 16 (in press)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Björkman, O. and Demmig, B. (1987) Planta 170, 489–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Öquist, G., Greer, D.H. and Ogren, E. (1987) in Photoinhibition (Kyle, D.J., Osmond, C.B. and Arntzen, C.J. eds.), Vol. 9, pp 67–87, Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Anderson, J.M. and Osmond, C.B. (1987) in Photoinhibition (Kyle, D.J., Osmond, C.B. and Arntzen, C.J. eds.), Vol. 9, pp 1–38, Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Anderson J.M., Chow, W.S. and Goodchild, D.J. (1988) Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 15, 11–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ohad, I., Kyle, D.J. and Arntzen, C.J. (1984) J. Cell Biol. 99, 481–485PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Krause, G.H. (1988) Physiol. Plant. 74, 566–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Greer, D.H. and Laing, W.A. (1988) Planta 174, 159–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bose, S., Herbert, S.K. and Fork, D.C. (1988) Plant Physiol. 86, 946–950PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Skogen, D., Chaturvedi, R., Weidemann, F. and Nilsen, S. (1986) J. Plant Physiol. 125, 195–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Samuelsson, G., Lönneberg, A., Gustafsson, P. and Öquist, G. (1987) Plant Physiol. 83, 438–441PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dennis H. Greer
    • 1
  • W. A. Laing
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Physiology DivisionDSIRPalmerston NorthNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations