Leishmaniasis is a zoonosis caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The animal reservoirs are rodents, canines and other mammals. The organisms live as intracellular amastigotes within host macrophages and are ingested when sandfly vectors feed on the infected animal. Within the gut of the fly promastigote forms develop and multiply prior to inoculation into another host when the insect feeds.
KeywordsVisceral Leishmaniasis Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Leishmania Species Cutaneous Disease Visceral Disease
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- Pearson RD, De Queiroz Sousa A. Leishmania species: Visceral (Kala-azar), cutaneous, and mucosal leishmaniasis. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 4th edn. New York, Edinburgh, London: Churchill Livingstone; 1995: 2428–42.Google Scholar