Evaluation of the Relation Between Groundwater Pollution and the Pollutant Load on Surface Waters

  • P. Groenendijk
  • C. W. J. Roest
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASEN2, volume 20)


The importance of the relation between groundwater and surface water is demonstrated by discussing the impact of water quality standards on permissible nitrogen losses at farm level. The far-reaching effects of the intended fertilization reduction measures on agricultural production justify a thorough examination of the relationship between environmental compartments. Mathematical models can play an important role in the assessment of pollution and the prediction of effects of proposed measures. The dependence of surface water contamination on groundwater discharge necessitates a sound description of this relation in a regional simulation model. Outlines of the linear systems approach and the ‘discharge layer approach’ in the ANIMO model are presented. The impact on surface water burdening of the assumed thickness of the groundwater layer which contributes to the discharge is illustrated by an example derived from a sensitivity analysis.


Groundwater Level Water Quality Standard Farm Level High Water Table Lower Water Table 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Groenendijk
    • 1
  • C. W. J. Roest
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Integrated Land, Soil and Water ResearchDLO Winand Staring CentreWageningenThe Netherlands

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