Optical and Infrared Images of Galaxies: What’s to be Learned?

  • Jay A. Frogel
  • A. C. Quillen
  • R. W. Pogge
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 209)


Multiwavelength imaging surveys of galaxies are of great value for investigations of their structure and stellar content. The advent of large format near-IR (NIR) arrays means that such surveys need no longer be confined to the optical. There are major advantages in concurrently carrying out a survey in the optical and NIR. While optical light traces the young blue stellar content of a galaxy, the NIR images will be effective tracers of the older stars and hence, as we will argue, of the stellar mass distribution. In the NIR the effects of dust extinction are minimized. The variation in appearance of structures such as spiral arms, bars, and disks as they are viewed from 0.4 to 2.2μm can set constraints on theories of their formation and evolution. The effects of internal dust absorption and scattering on the observed properties of a galaxy can be better studied. The effects of stellar and dynamical evolution on observations of distant galaxies can be better predicted. This review will give examples of applications of multicolor galaxy surveys and show some results from a partially completed OSU survey of ∼230 spiral galaxies in BVRJHK. A new technique developed to detect dynamical structures in disk galaxies based on observed color gradients will be discussed in some detail.


Star Formation Infrared Image Spiral Galaxy Surface Brightness Stellar Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aaronson, M. 1977, Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  2. Aaronson, M. 1986, in “Stellar Populations”, ed. C. A. Norman, A. Renzini, & M. Tosi(Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press), 45.Google Scholar
  3. Adams, T. F. 1977, ApJS, 33, 19.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Balcells, M., & Peletier, R.F. 1994, AJ, 107, 135CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Barnaby, D & Thronson, Jr., J. A. 1992, AJ, 103, 41.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Benedict, G. F., Higdon, J. L., Tollestrup, E. V., Hahn, J. M., & Harvey, P. M. 1992 AJ, 103, 757.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Bica, E. 1988, A&A, 195, 76.ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Bica, E., Arimoto, N., & Alloin D. 1988, A&A, 202, 8.ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Block, D. L., Bertin, G., Stockton, A., Grosbol, P., Moorwood, A. F. M., & Peletier, R. F. 1994, A&A, 288, 365.ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Block, D. L., & Wainscoat, R. J. 1991, it Nature, 353, 48.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Urstein, D., Haynes, M. P., & Faber, S. M. 1991, Nature, 353, 515.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Buta, R. 1986, ApJS, 61, 609.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Combes, F., & Gerin, M. 1985, A&A, 150, 327.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Davies, R. L., Sadler, E., & Peletier, R. F. 1993, MNRAS, 262, 650.ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Deeming, T. J. 1964, MNRAS, 127, 35.Google Scholar
  16. de Jong, R. S. 1995, Ph.D. Thesis, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.Google Scholar
  17. de Jong, R. S. 1996a, A&A, in press.Google Scholar
  18. de Jong, R. S. 1996b, A&A, submitted.Google Scholar
  19. DePoy, D. L. 1996, this conference.Google Scholar
  20. Disney, M. J., Davies, J., & Phillips, S. 1989, MNRAS, 239, 939.ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Elmegreen, B. G., Sundin, M., Kaufman, M., Brinks, E., & Elmegreen, D. M. 1995, ApJ, 453, 139.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Elmegreen, B. G., Elmegreen, D. M., & Montenegro, L. 1992, ApJS, 79, 37.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Elmegreen, D. M. 1981, ApJS, 47, 229.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Elmegreen, D. M., Chromey, F. R., & Johnson, C. O. 1995, AJ, 110, 2102.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Elmegreen, D. M., & Elmegreen, B. 1984, ApJS, 54, 127.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. Faber, S. M. 1973, ApJ, 179, 731.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Franx, M. 1994, in IAU Symposium 153, “Galactic Bulges”, eds. H. De Jonghe & H. Habing (Dordrecht: Reidel).Google Scholar
  28. Friedli, D., Benz, W., & Kennicutt, R. 1994, ApJL, 430, L105.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Frogel, J. A. 1985, ApJ, 298, 528.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Frogel, J. A. 1988, ARA&A, 26, 51.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. Frogel, J. A., Mould, J., & Blanco, V. M. 1990, ApJ, 352, 96.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Frogel, J. A., Persson, S. E., Aaronson, M., & Matthews, K. 1978, ApJ, 220, 75.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Frogel, J. A., Terndrup, D. M., Blanco, V. M., & Whitford, A. E. 1990, ApJ, 353, 494.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. Frogel, J. A., & Whitford, A. E. 1987, ApJ, 320, 199.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. Gatley, I., DePoy, D. L., & Fowler, A. M. 1988, Science, 242, 1264..CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. Giovanelli, R., Haynes, M. P., Salzer, J. J., Wegner, G., Da Costa, L. N., Freudling, W. 1994, AJ, 107, 2036.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Grauer, A. D., Rieke, M. J., & McLeod, K. K. 1995, ASP Conf. Proc, 73, 195.ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Hack well, J. A., & Schweizer, F. 1983, ApJ, 265, 643.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. Hambe, M., & WAkamatsu, K. 1989, ApJ, 339, 783.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. Heraudeau, P., Simien, F., & Mamon, G. A. 1996, A&AS, in press.Google Scholar
  41. Holmberg, E. 1958, Medn. Lunds Astr. Obs., 2, 136.ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Impey, C. D., Wynn-Williams, G., & Becklin, E. E. 1986, ApJ, 309, 572.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Jackson, J.M., Barrett, A.H., Armstrong, J.T., & Ho, P.T.P. 1987, AJ, 93, 531.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Jansen, R. A., Knapen, J. H., Beckman, J. E., & Peletier, R. F., & Hes, R. 1994, MNRAS, 270, 373.ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. Kaufman, M., Bash, F. N., Hine, B., Rots, A. H., Elmegreen, D. M., & Hodge, P. W. 1989, ApJ, 345, 674.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. Knapen, J. H., Beckman, J. E., Shlosman, I., Peletier, R. F., Heller, C. H., de Jong, R. S. 1995, ApJ, 443, L73.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Kormendy, J. 1982a, in “Morphology & Dynamics of Galaxies”, eds. J. Binney, J. Kormendy, S. D. M. White (Sauverny: Geneva Obs.), p. 115.Google Scholar
  48. Kormendy, J. 1982b, ApJ, 257, 75.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. Kormendy, J., & Norman, C. A. 1979, ApJ, 233, 539.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. Kuchinski, L. E., & Terndrup, D. M. 1996, ApJ, in press.Google Scholar
  51. Lilly, S. J. 1989, ApJ, 340, 77.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. MacKenty, J. W. 1990, ApJS, 72, 231.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. McCarthy, P. J. ARA&A, 31, 639.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. Moles, M., Marquez, I., & Perez, E. 1995, ApJ, 438, 604.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. Paczynski, B., Stanek, K. Z., Udalski, A., Szymanski, M., Kaluzny, J., Kubiak, M., & Mateo, M. 1994, AJ, 107, 2060.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  56. Peletier, R. 1989, Ph.D. Thesis, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.Google Scholar
  57. Peletier, R. F., Valentijn, E. A., Moorwood, A. F. M., & Freudling, W. 1994, A&AS, 108, 621.ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. Peletier, R. F., Willner, S. P. 1992, AJ, 103, 1761.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  59. Persson, S. E., Aaronson, M., Cohen, J. G., Frogel, J. A., and Matthews, K. 1983, ApJ, 266, 105.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  60. Pfenniger, D., & Norman, C. 1990, ApJ, 363, 391.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. Pierce, M. J. 1986, AJ, 92, 285.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. Pompea, S. M., & Rieke, G. H. 1990, ApJ, 356, 416.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  63. Quillen, A. C., Frogel, J. A., Gonzalez, R, A., 1994a, ApJ, 437, 162.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. Quillen, A. C., Frogel, J. A., Kenney, J. D, Pogge, R. W., & DePoy, D. L. 1994b, ApJ, 441, 549.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Quillen, A. C., Frogel, J. A., Kuchinski, L. E., Terndrup, D. M. 1995, AJ, 110, 156.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Quillen, A. C., Ramirez, S. V., Frogel, J. A. 1996, AJ, in press.Google Scholar
  67. Reichen, M., Kaufman, M., Blecha, A., Golay, M., & Huguenin, D. 1994, A&AS, 106, 523.ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. Rix, H.-W. 1994, in NATO Workshop “Proc. Opacity of Spiral Disks”, ed. J. Davies.Google Scholar
  69. Rix, H.-W., & Rieke, M. J. 1993, ApJ, 418, 123.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  70. Rix, H.-W., & Zaritsky, D. 1995, ApJ, 447, 82.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  71. Sakamoto, K., Okumura, S., Minezaki, T., Kobayashi, Y., & Wada, K. 1995, AJ, 110, 2075.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  72. Sandage, A., Tammann, G. A. 1981, A Revised Shapley-Ames Catalog of Bright Galaxies, Carnegie Inst, of Wash. Publication 635..Google Scholar
  73. Sanders, R. H., Huntley, J. M. 1976, ApJ, 209, 53.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  74. Schweizer, F. 1976, ApJS, 31, 313.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  75. Scoville, N. Z., Matthews, K., Carico, D. P., & Sanders, D. B. 1988, ApJL, 327, L61.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  76. Shlosman, I., Frank, J., Begelman, M. C. 1989, Nature, 338, 45.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  77. Simkin, S., Su, H., & Schwarz, M. P. 1980, ApJ, 237, 404.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  78. Spillar, E. J., Oh, S. P., et al. 1992, AJ, 103, 793.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  79. Spinrad, H., & Harland, E. 1973, PASP, 85, 815.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  80. Terndrup, D. M., Davies, R. L., Frogel, J. A., DePoy, D. L., and L. A. Wells 1994, ApJ, 432, 518.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  81. Thronson, Jr., H. A., Hereid, M., Majewski, S., Greenhouse, M., Johnson, P., Spillar, E.,Woodward, C. E., Harper, D. A., Rauscher, B. J. 1989, ApJ, 343, 158.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  82. Tinsley, B. M. 1972, ApJ, 178, 319.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  83. Toomre, A. 1969, ApJ, 158, 899.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  84. Toomre, A. 1981, in “The Structure & Evolution of Normal Galaxies”, eds. S. M. Fall, D. Lynden-Bell (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press), p. 111.Google Scholar
  85. Toomre, A. 1990, in “Dynamics & Interactions of Galaxies”, ed. R. Wielen (Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag), p. 292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Valentijn, E. A. 1990, Nature, 346, 153.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  87. van der Kruit, P. C., & Searle, L. 1981, A&A 95, 105.ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. Wainscoat, R. J., Hyland, A. R., Freeman, K. C. 1990, ApJ, 348, 85.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  89. Witt, A. N., Thronson, Jr., H. A., & Capuano, Jr., J. N. 1992, ApJ, 393, 611.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  90. Witt, A. N., Lindell, R. S., Block, D. L., & Evans, R. 1994, ApJ, 427, 227.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  91. Zwicky, F. 1955, PASP, 66, 232.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jay A. Frogel
    • 1
  • A. C. Quillen
    • 1
  • R. W. Pogge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AstronomyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations