Can Bread-Making Quality be Introduced into Hexaploid Triticale by Whole-Chromosome Manipulation?

  • Ebrahim M. Kazman
  • Tamàs Lelley
Part of the Developments in Plant Breeding book series (DIPB, volume 5)


Synthetic 6x triticale lines with various D-genome chromosomes, derived from octoploid x tetraploid triticale crosses were grown in the field and analyzed for characters related to bread-making quality and yield. Considerable variability was found for each character. Grain protein content of the majority of lines was markedly higher than that of the wheat and triticale cultivars included in the experiments as controls. Grain yield of some of the lines was as high as that of the controls. Sedimentation volumes ranged from 33 to 103% of the control wheat cultivar exhibiting medium bread-making quality. No correlation was found between sedimentation volume and protein content, and between sedimentation volume and grain yield. The presence of chromosome 1D, in combination with 1B, invariably increased the sedimentation volume. Ranking for positive effect of homoeologous group 1 chromosomes on sedimentation was 1D>1B>1R>lA. These preliminary data suggest that through the introduction of chromosome 1D, especially as a 1D(1A) substitution, the bread-making quality of hexaploid triticale can be improved considerably, approaching the level of wheat. Effects of different alleles at Glu-D1 locus are discussed.


Wheat Cultivar Homoeologous Group Sedimentation Volume Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy Hexaploid Triticale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    . Payne PI, Nightingale MA, Krattiger AF, Holt LM. The relationship between HMW glutenin subunit composition and the bread making quality of British-grown wheat varieties. J Sci Food Agric 1987; 40: 51–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Odenbach W, Mahgoub ELS. Relationship between HMW glutenin subunit composition and the sedimentation value in reciprocal sets of inbred backcross lines derived from two winter wheat crosses. Miller TE, Koebner RMD, editors. Proc. 7th Int. Wheat Genetics Symposium; Cambridge, England 1988; 987–991.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rogers WJ, Payne PI, Harinder K. The HMW glutenin subunit and gliadin compositions of German-grown wheat varieties and their relationship with bread-making quality. Plant Breeding 1989; 103: 89–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kolster P, van Eeuwijk FA, van Gelder WMJ. Additive and cpistatic effects of allelic variation at the high molecular weight glutenin subunit loci in determining the bread-making quality of breeding lines of wheat. Euphytica 1991: 55: 277–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rogers WJ, Law CN, Sayers EL Dosage effects of homoeologous group 1 chromosomes upon the bread-making quality of hexaploid wheat. Miller TE, Koebner RMD, editors. Proc. 7th Int. Wheat Genetics Symposium; Cambridge, England 1988; 1003–1008.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Larter EN, Noda K. Some characteristics of hexaploid triticale substitution lines involving the A-, B-, and D-genome chromosomes of wheat. Can J Genet Cytol 1981; 23: 679–689.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hohmann U Direct use of hexaploid wheat in the production of recombined hexaploid triticale. Miller TE, Koebner RMD, editors. Proc. 7th Int. Wheat Genetics Symposium; Cambridge, England, 1988; 303–308.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krolow K-D. 4x triticale production and use in triticale breeding. Proc. 4th Int. Wheat Genetics Symposium, Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station, Columbia, Missouri 1973; 691–696.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    . Bernard M, Gay G, Saigne B. Study of the fertility and chromosome behaviour of 3 successive generations obtained following crosses between octoploid and tetraploid triticale. In: Bernard M, Bernard S, editors. Genetic and breeding of triticale. Proc 3rd Eucarpia Meeting on Triticale, Clermont-Ferrand, France 1985; 245–257.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    . Lukaszewski AJ, Apolinarska B, Gustafson JP. Introduction of the Dgenome chromosomes from a bread wheat into hexaploid triticale with complete rye genome. Genome 1987; 29: 425–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kazman E, Lelley T. Rapid incorporation of D genome chromosomes into A- and/or B genomes of hexaploid triticale. Plant Breeding 1994 (in press).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carrillo JM, Rousset M, Qualset CO, Kasarda DD. Use of recombinant inbred lines of wheat for study of associations of high-molecular-weight glutenin subunit alleles to quantitative traits. I. Grain yield and quality prediction tests. Theor Appl Genet 1990; 79: 321–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    . Moonen JH, Kescheepstra AU, Graveland A. Use of the SDS-sedimentation test and SDS-polyacrylamide electrophoresis for screening breeder’s samples of wheat for bread-making quality. Euphytica 1982; 31: 667–690.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ebrahim M. Kazman
    • 1
  • Tamàs Lelley
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Agronomy and Plant BreedingGeorg-August-UniversityGöttingenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Agronomy and Plant BreedingUniversity of AgricultureViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations