Classical Nova Evolution: Clues from Soft X-ray Emission

  • James Macdonald
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 208)


Multi-wavelength observations have shown that, after optical decline, the stellar remnants of classical nova outbursts evolve at constant, near-Eddington, bolometric luminosity to high effective temperature (> 2105 K), before turning off. Here we briefly review the observations of classical novae in this phase of evolution, and discuss what the soft X-ray observations tell us about the mass of the underlying white dwarf and the rate of mass change due to stellar winds and accretion from the stellar companion.


White Dwarf Orbital Separation Envelope Material Nuclear Burning Classical Nova 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bath, G.T., 1978, MNRAS, 182, 35ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowyer, S., Lieu, R., Lampton, M., et al., 1994, Ap. J. Supp., 93, 569ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Feast, M.W., Glass, LS., 1974, MNRAS, 167, 81ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Fujimoto, M.Y., Iben, I., 1992, AJ, 399, 646ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gallagher, J.S., Code, A.D., 1974, Ap. J., 189, 303ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gallagher, J.S., Starrfield, S., 1976, MNRAS, 176, 3ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Gallagher, J.S., Starrfield, S., 1978, ARAA, 16, 171ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geisel, S.L., Kleinmann, D.E., Low, F.J., 1970, Ap. J., 161, L101ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hyland, A.R., Neugebauer, G., 1970, Ap. J., 160, L177ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kato, M., 1983, PASJ, 35, 507ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Kato, M., Hachisu, I., 1994, Ap. J., 437, 802ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Krautter, J., Ögelman, H., Starrfield, S., 1992, IAUC5550Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Krautter, J., Starrfield, S., 1995, private communicationGoogle Scholar
  14. Krautter, J., Williams, R.E., 1989, Ap. J., 341, 968ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kurtz, D.W., Van den Bout, P.A., Angel, J.R.P., 1972, Ap. J., 178, 701ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lloyd, H.M., O’Brien, T.J., Bode, M.F., et al., 1992, Nature, 356, 222ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. MacDonald, J., 1980, MNRAS, 191, 933ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. MacDonald, J., 1983, Ap. J., 267, 732 MacDonaid, J., 1984, Ap. J., 283, 241Google Scholar
  19. MacDonald, J., Fujimoto, M.Y., Truran, J.W., 1985, Ap. J., 294, 263 MacDonald, J., Vennes, S., 1991, Ap. J., 373, L51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. MacDonald, J., Vennes, S., 1994, AAS meeting Minneapolis, MN, May 29 - June 2 Mason, K.O., Cordova, F.A., Bode, M.F., Barr, P., 1987, in RS Ophiuchi (1985) and theGoogle Scholar
  21. Recurrent Nova Phenomenon, ed. M.F. Bode, VNU Science Press, Utrecht, pl67Google Scholar
  22. O’Brien, T., Kahn, F.D., Bode, M.F., 1987, in “RS Ophiuchi (1985) and the Recurrent Nova Phenomenon” ed. M.F. Bode, VNU Science Press, Utrecht, pl77Google Scholar
  23. Ögelman, H., Beuermann, K., Krautter, J., 1984, Ap. J., 287, L31ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ögelman, H., Krautter, J., Beuermann, K., 1987, AkA, 177, 110Google Scholar
  25. Ögelman, H., Orio, M., Krautter, J., Starrfield, S., 1993, Nature, 361, 331ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Paresce, F., Livio, M., Hack, W., Korista, K., 1995, A&A, 299, 823ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Pequignot, D., 1996, these proceedings, p305Google Scholar
  28. Prialnik, D., Shara, M., 1995, AJ, 109, 1735ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Prialnik, D., Kovetz, A., 1995, Ap. J., 445, 789ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shanley, L., Ögelman, H., Gallagher, J.S., et al., 1995, Ap. J., 438, L95ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Starrfield, S., 1979, in “White Dwarfs and Variable Degenerate Stars”, ed. H.M. Van Horn and V. Weidemann, p274Google Scholar
  32. Starrfield, S., Truran, J.W., Sparks, W. M., Kutter, G.S., 1974, Ap. J., 176, 169ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Starrfield, S., Shore, S.N., Sparks, W.M., et al., 1992, Ap. J., 391, L71ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Starrfield, S., Shore, S.N., Sparks, W.M., et al., 1992, Ap. J., 391, L71ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Stringfellow, S.G., Bowyer, S., 1994, in “Interacting Binary Stars”, ed. A. Shafter, ASP Conf. Ser. 56, 315Google Scholar
  36. Warner, B., 1990 in IAU Colloquium 122, “Physics of Classical Novae”, eds A. Cassatella, R. Viotti, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p24Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Macdonald
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations