Heating Mechanisms of the Solar Corona

  • T. Sakurai


Heating mechanisms of the solar corona are briefly addressed. Magnetic vs. non-magnetic, and DC vs. AC mechanisms are compared. AC or wave heating mechanisms are discussed, and future directions of research which is important in clarifying the contribution of wave heating are suggested.


Solar Phys Solar Corona Flux Tube Coronal Loop Alfven Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Braun, D.C., Duvall, T.L., Jr., and LaBonte, B.J. (1988) The absorption of high-degree p-mode oscillations in and around sunspots, Astrophys. J. 335 1015–1025.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Davila, J. (1991) Resonance Absorption Heating, in P. Ulmschneider, E.R. Priest, and R. Rosner (eds.), Mechanisms of Chromospheric and Coronal Heating, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 464–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dermendjiev, V.N. (1991) Height-dependent short-period oscillations in the Fe XIV (530.3nm) solar corona above a sunspot group crossing the limb, in P. Ulmschneider, E.R. Priest, and R. Rosner (eds.), Mechanisms of Chromospheric and Coronal Heating, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 33–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fontenla, J.M., Rabin, D., Hathaway, D.H., and Moore, R.L. (1993) Measurement of p- mode energy propagation in the quiet solar photosphere, Astrophys. J. 405, 787–797.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Galloway, D.J., Proctor, M.R.E., and Weiss, N.O. (1977) Formation of intense magnetic fields near the surface of the sun, Nature 266, 686–689.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hassler, D.M., Rottman, G.J., Shoub, E.C., and Holzer, T.E. (1990) Line broadening of Mg X λλ 609 and 625 coronal emission lines observed above the solar limb, Astrophys. J. Letters 348, L77–L80.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hollweg, J.V. (1984) Alfvenic resonant Cavities in the solar atmosphere: simple aspects, Solar Phys. 91, 269–288.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Koutchmy, S., Zhugzda, Y.D., Locans, V. (1983) Short period coronal oscillations: observation and interpretation, Astron. Astrophys. 120, 185–191.ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Kuperus, M., Ionson, J.A., and Spicer, D.S. (1981) On the theory of coronal heating mechanisms, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 19, 7–40.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mein, N. and Schmieder, B. (1981) Astron. Astrophys. Mechanical flux in the solar chromosphere, 97, 310–316.ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Narain, U. and Ulmschneider, P. (1990) Chromospheric and coronal heating mechanisms, Space Set. Rev. 54, 377–445.ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Noyes, R.W., Hartmann, L.W., Baliunas, S.L., Duncan, D.K., and Vaughan, A.H. (1984) Rotation, convection, and magnetic activity in lower main-sequence stars, Astrophys. J. 279, 763–777.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pallavicini, R., Golub, L., Rosner, R., Vaiana, G.S., Ayres, T., and Linsky, J.L. (1981) Relations among stellar X-ray emission observed from Einstein, stellar rotation and bolometric luminosity, Astrophys. J. 248, 279–290.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Parker, E.N. (1988) Nanoflares and the solar X-ray corona, Astrophys. J. 330, 474–479.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Porter, L.J., Klimchuk, J.A., and Sturrock, P.A. (1994) The possible role of MHD waves in heating the solar corona, Astrophys. J. 435, 482–501.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rosner, R., Tucker, H.W., and Vaiana, G.S. (1978) Dynamics of the quiescent solar corona, Astrophys. J. 220, 643–665.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rusin, V and Minarovjech, M. (1991) Short-term oscillations in green and red coronal lines, in P. Ulmschneider, E.R. Priest, and R. Rosner (eds.), Mechanisms of Chromospheric and Coronal Heating, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 30–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rutten, R.G.M., Schrjiver, C.J., Lemmens, A.F.P., and Zwaan, C. (1991) Magnetic structure in cool stars XVII. Minimum radiative losses from the outer atmosphere, Astron. Astrophys. 252, 203–219.ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Sakurai, T. (1986) Heating mechanisms of the solar corona, in Y.Osaki (ed.), Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Problems in the Sun and Stars, University of Tokyo, pp. 17–36.Google Scholar
  20. Schrjiver, C.J. (1992) The basal and strong-field components of the solar atmosphere, Astron. Astrophys. 258, 507–520.ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Shimizu, T. (1995) Energetics and occurrence rate of active-region transient brightenings and implications for the heating of the active-region corona, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan 47, 251–263.ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Solanki, S.K., Livingston, W., and Ayres, T. (1994) New light on the heart of darkness of the solar chromosphere, Science 263, 64–66.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Spruit, H.C. (1981) Magnetic flux tubes, in S. Jordan (ed.), The Sun as a Star, NASA SP-450, pp.385–412.Google Scholar
  24. Stenflo, J.O. (1976) Small-scale solar magnetic fields, in V. Bumba and J. Kleczek (eds.), Basic Mechanisms of Solar Activity, D.Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, pp. 69–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Uchida, Y. and Kaburaki, O. (1974) Excess heating of corona and chromosphere above magnetic regions by non-linear Alfvén waves, Solar Phys. 35, 451–466.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vaiana, G.S. and Rosner, R. (1978) Recent advances in coronal physics, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 16, 393–428.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Watanabe, T., Hara, H., Shimizu, T., Hiei, E., Bentley, R.D., Lang, J., Phillips, K.J.H., Pike, C.D., Fludra, A., Bromage, B.J.I., and Mariska, J.T. (1995) Temperature structure of active regions deduced from the helium-like sulfur lines, Solar Phys. 157, 169–184.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Withbroe, G.L. and Noyes, R.W. (1977) Mass and energy flow in the solar chromosphere and corona, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 15, 363–387.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Sakurai
    • 1
  1. 1.National Astronomical ObservatoryMitakaJapan

Personalised recommendations