The Unification of Radio-Loud AGN
In a recent review paper we summarized the current status of unification of radio-loud AGN (Urry & Padovani 1995 PASP 107, 803), connecting high-luminosity (FR II) radio galaxies with quasars, and low-luminosity (FR I) radio galaxies with BL Lac objects. Unified schemes are motivated by the knowledge that AGN appearance depends strongly on orientation (Fig. 1): optical/UV light from the centers of many AGN is obscured by circumnuclear matter, and in radio-loud AGN, bipolar relativistic jets beam light along the jet axes. Understanding these radiation anisotropics allows us to unify apparently distinct classes of AGN that differ primarily because of orientation.