Waveguide Mach-Zehnder Intensity Modulator produced via Proton Exchange Technology in LiNbO3

  • S. Tonchev
  • B. Yordanov
  • M. Kuneva
  • I. Savatinova
  • M. Armenise
  • V. Passaro
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASHT, volume 14)

Abstract

Guided-wave Mach-Zehnder intensity modulators are key elements for a variety of applications in optical communications. They usually present a broad operation band and low drive voltages. Two general ways for fabrication of such modulators on LiNbCO3 are known - by standard Ti-indiffusion and by proton exchange with additional annealing.

Keywords

Lithium Niobate Adipic Acid Electrooptical Property Drive Voltage High Frequency Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Tonchev, S., Todorov, R., Zilling, K. and Savatinova, I. (1990) Mach-Zehnder type modulator for integrated optics, J. Opt. Commun. 11, 147–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Johnson, L.M. (1985) Integrated optical components for fiber sensors, SPIE 578, 233–236Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Loni, A. (1987) An experimental study of proton-exchanged Lithium Niobate optical waveguides, PhD Dissertation, Glasgow UniversityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Tonchev
    • 1
  • B. Yordanov
    • 1
  • M. Kuneva
    • 1
  • I. Savatinova
    • 1
  • M. Armenise
    • 2
  • V. Passaro
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Solid State PhysicsBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Dipartamento di Electrotecnica ed ElettronicaPolitecnico di BariBariItaly

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