Molecular Outflows from Protostars

Questions, Options and Facts
  • R. N. Henriksen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 481)


In this discussion of molecular outflows I isolate what I regard as the basic theoretical questions, and discuss some of the model options in the light of a few decisive observational facts. in addition several new lines of theoretical argument are introduced regarding the behaviour of the protostar environment. These concern the global energy and momentum balance and the nature of the steady state that is compatible with a non-zero Poynting flux. Finally brief reference is made to a thorough study by (Fiege and Henriksen, 1995) of the global model suggested in (Henriksen and Valls-Gabaud, 1994) and fore-shadowed somewhat in (Tsinganos and Sauty, 1992).


Field Line Accretion Disc Thin Disc Stellar Surface Polar Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aly J.J. 1980, A&A 86, 192.MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Aly J.J. 1994 A&A 288, 1012.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. André P., Ward-Thompson D. and Barsony, M. 1993, ApJ 406, 122., private communicationADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bertout C. 1987 Circumstellar Matter, eds. Appenzeller I. and Jordan C., Reidel, Dordrecht; 23.Google Scholar
  5. Blandford R.D. and Payne D.G. 1982 MNRAS 199, 883.ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Bondi H. and Hoyle F. 1944 MNRAS 104, 273.ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Bontemps S., André P. and Ward-Thompson D. 1995 A&A 297, 98.ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Brandenburg A., Nordlund A., Stein R.F. and Torkelsson U. 1995 ApJ 446, 741.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cabrit S. and Bertout C. 1992, A&A 261, 274.ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Cabrit S. et al. 1995 A&A, in press.Google Scholar
  11. Chan K.L. and Henriksen R.N. 1980, ApJ 241, 534.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chernin L.M. 1995 ApJ 440, L97.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Choe Seung-Urn and Henriksen R.N. 1986 ApJ 305, 131.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ferreira J. and Pelletier G. 1994 A&A 295, 807ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Fiege. J. and Henriksen, R.N., 1995, prepublications I and II; sumitted to MNRAS.Google Scholar
  16. Ghosh P. and Lamb F.K. 1979 ApJ 232, 259.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gomez de Castro A. I. and Pudritz R. 1993 ApJ 409, 748.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gouveia Dal Pino, E.M. and Benz W. 1994 ApJ 435, 261.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Guilloteau S., Bachiller R., Fuente A. and Lucas R. 1992 A&A 265, L49.ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Henriksen R.N. 1976 ApJ Lett 210, L19.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Henriksen R.N. 1985 Can J. Phys 64, 403.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Henriksen R.N. 1987 ApJ 314, 33.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Henriksen R.N. 1989 Accretion discs and Magnetic Fields in Astrophysics, ed. G. Belvedere, Kluwer; 117.Google Scholar
  24. Henriksen R.N. 1993 Cosmical Magnetism, NATO Advanced Study Institute, July 1993, IOA Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  25. Henriksen R.N. 1994 The Cold Universeeds Montmerle et al., Editions Frontieres, 241.Google Scholar
  26. Henriksen R.N. and Chia T.T. 1972 Nature 240, 133ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Henriksen R.N. and Reinhardt M. 1974 A& A 31, 195ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. Henriksen R.N. and Reinhardt M. 1977 Ap and Sp Sci. 49, 3.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Henriksen R.N., Reinhardt M. and Aschenbach B. 1977 A&A 28, 47ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Henriksen R.N. and Valls-Gabaud D., 1994, MNRAS 266, 681ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. Heyvaerts J. and Norman C.D. 1989 ApJ 347, 697.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kitamura Y., Kawabe R. and Ishiguro M., 1992 PASJ 44, 44Google Scholar
  33. Königl A., 1982, ApJ 261, 115ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Landau L.D. and Lifshitz E.M. 1987 Fluid Mechanics, Pergamon Press, OxfordzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  35. Levreault R.M. 1988, ApJ 330, 897ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lovelace R.V.E. Romanova M.M. and Bisnovatyi-Kogan G.S. 1995 MNRAS 275, 244.ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Lynden-Bell D. and Boily C. 1994 MNRAS 267, 146.ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Masson C.R. and Chernin L.M. 1993 ApJ 414, 230.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mitchell G.F. et al. 1995 ApJ Lett, in press.Google Scholar
  40. Narayan R. and Yi I. 1995, ApJ 444, 231.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Pudritz R.E. and Norman C.A. 1983 ApJ 274, 677.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pelletier G. and Pudritz R. 1992 ApJ 394, 117.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Raga A. and Cabrit S. 1993 A&A 278, 267.ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Richer J.S., Hills R.E. and Padman R. 1992 MNRAS 254, 525.ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. Sauty C., 1994, Ann. Phys. Fr. 19, 459.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Scheuer P.A.G. 1983 Highlights Astr. 6, 735.ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Shu F.H., Ruden S.P., Lada C.J. and Lizano S. 1991 ApJ 370, L31.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Shu F., Najita J., Ostriker E., Wilkin F., Rüden S. and Lizano S. 1994, ApJ 429, 781. 49.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Snell R.N. 1985 Can J Phys 64, 431.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Torbett M. V. 1985 Can J Phys 64, 514.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Tsinganos K. and Sauty C., 1992, A&A 255, 405.ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. Wardle M. and Königl A. 1993 ApJ 410, 218.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. N. Henriksen
    • 1
  1. 1.Astronomy Group, Dept. of PhysicsQueen’s University at KingstonCanada

Personalised recommendations