Numerical Simulation of Solar and Astrophysical MHD Flows

Jets, Loops, and Flares
  • Kazunari Shibata
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 481)

Abstract

The recent development of supercomputers enabled us to perform two or three dimensional MHD numerical simulations of dynamic phenomena in the solar atmosphere and in astrophysical gas layers. We are now able to compare simulation movies with real observational movies to clarify the origin of various dynamic phenomena such as jets, emerging magnetic loops, and flares. in this article, I will first summarize the difficulties and richness intrinsic to solar and similar astrophysical MHD simulations, and then show several examples of simulation results which answer various questions presented by old and new observations of solar and astrophysical MHD flows, in particular, in relation to jets, loops, and flares. The subjects treated in this article are solar jets (spicules and surges) accelerated by nonlinear MHD waves, astrophysical jets ejected from accretion disks via magnetic forces, the nonlinear evolution of the Parker instability in galactic and accretion disks, emerging magnetic loops in the solar atmosphere, magnetic reconnection driven by the Parker instability as a model of solar X-ray jets and compact flares, and finally magnetic reconnection in protostellar magnetospheres.

Keywords

Accretion Disk Flux Tube Magnetic Loop Galactic Disk Toroidal Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazunari Shibata
    • 1
  1. 1.National Astronomical ObservatoryMitaka, TokyoJapan

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