Morphological and Surface Chemical Characterization of Fine ZrO2 Particles for Ceramic Applications

  • C. Morterra
  • G. Cerrato
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASHT, volume 12)


In the last decade a great deal of work has been devoted to the characterization of Yttriastabilized tetragonal ZrO2 (YSTZ), because of its large use as a ceramic material. Many efforts have been made to evaluate some macro- and mesoscopic characteristics of YSTZ, such as those obtained by mechanical tests (e. g., shrinkage, sinterability, KIC, specific surface area SSA, etc), whereas only little attention has been focused so far on the evolution of the nanostructural and surface reactivity features of the starting powders. It is normally observed that YSTZ precursors, that have been preliminarly treated in different conditions, exhibit quite different sintering behaviours.


Sinter Behaviour Torr Range Toyo Soda Ultimate Particle Surface Chemical Characterization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Cerrato, G., Ferroni, L., Montanaro, L. and Morterra, C. (1995) Correlation between nanostructure and sintering properties of zirconia powders, Proc. 8th World Ceramic Congress “Ceramics: Charting the Future”, P. Vincenzini (ed.), Techna Srl, Faenza (Italy), 1419–1426.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Morterra, C., Cerrato, G., Ferroni, L. and Montanaro, L. (1994) Surface characterization of yttria-stabilized tetragonal ZrO2 Part 1. Structural, morphological, and surface hydration features, Mater. Chem. Phys. 37, 243–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tsyganenko, A. A. and Filimonov, V. N. (1973) Infrared spectra of surface hydroxyl groups and crystalline structure of oxides J. Mol. Struct. 19, 579–589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Little, L. H. (1966) Infrared Spectra ofAdsorbed Species, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davydov, A. A. (1984) Infrared Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Species on the Surface of Transition Metal Oxides, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Morterra, C., Cerrato, G., Ferroni, L., Negro, A. and Montanaro, L. (1993) Surface characterization of tetragonal ZiO2, Appl. Surf. Sci. 65/66, 257–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Morterra, C., Cerrato, G., Bolls, V., Lamberti, C., Ferroni, L. and Montanaro, L. (1995) Surface characterization of yttria-stabilized tetragonal ZrO2. Part 2. Adsorption of CO, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 91(1), 113–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bolis, V., Fubini, B., Giamello, E. and Relier, A. (1989) Effect of form on the surface reactivity of differently prepared zinc oxides, J.Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 85(4), 855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bolis, V., Fubini, B., Garrone, E. and Morterra, C. (1989) Thermodynamic and vibrational characterization of CO adsorption on variously pretreated anatase, J.Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 85(6), 1383–1395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zaki, M. I. and Knözinger, H. (1987) Carbon monoxide–A low temperature infrared probe for the characterization of hydroxyl group properties on metal oxide surfaces, Mater. Chem. Phys. 17, 201–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11. (a)
    Morterra, C., Orio, L., Bolls, V. and Ugliengo, P. (1991) Bi-dimensional CO clusters at the surface of polycrystalline monoclinic ZrO2, Mater. Chem. Phys. 29, 457–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. (b).
    Morterra, C., Orio, L, Fubini, B., Bolls, V. and Williams, T. B. (1991) A FTIR and HRTEM study of some morphological and adsorptive properties of monoclinic ZrO2 microcrystals, Surf. Sci., 251/252, 540–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 12. (a)
    Spoto, G., Morterra, C., Marchese, L., Orio, L. and Zecchina, A. (1990) The morphology of TiO2 microcrystals and their adsorptive properties towards CO: a HRTEM and FTIR study, Vacuum 41, 37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. (b).
    Cerrato, G., Marchese, L. and Morterra, C. (1993) Structural and morphological modifications of sintering microcrystalline TiO2: an XRD, HRTEM and FTIR study, Appl. Surf. Sci., 70/71, 200–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 13.
    Morterra, C., Cerrato, G. and Ferroni, L. (1995) Surface characterization of yttria-stabilized tetragonal ZrO2 Part 3. CO2 adsorption and the CO2-CO interaction, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 91(1), 125–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Morterra
    • 1
  • G. Cerrato
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Inorganic, Physical and Materials ChemistryUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

Personalised recommendations