Soil Erosion Modelling

  • J. K. Lørup
  • M. Styczen
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 22)

Abstract

Increasing rates of soil erosion in developing countries have been given attention for a long time. The increase in population pressure, inequality in societies, and sometimes also legislation have resulted in cultivation of areas unsuitable for crop production or in unsustainable farming which, together with overgrazing, are major reasons for soil erosion. Alo erratic rainfall results in ecosystems prone to erosion, in particular in the semi-arid regions where the amount of rainfall impedes the establishment of good ground cover. Whitlow (1988) has estimated that average soil losses on croplands and grazing areas on Communal Lands in Zimbabwe are 50 and 75 t/ha/year, respectively, whereas the rates of soil formation are very slow, e.g. 400 kg/ha/year.

Keywords

Shear Strength Soil Loss Hydrological Model Sediment Yield Overland Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. K. Lørup
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Styczen
    • 1
  1. 1.Danish Hydraulic InstituteHørsholmDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Hydrodynamics and Water ResourcesTechnical University of DenmarkDenmark

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