Major Types of Hydrological Systems in the Netherlands
The Netherlands are tectonically positioned at the southern end of the North Sea Basin (see figure 7.1). This Basin dates from Cenozoic times. Near the area of the Netherlands it becomes narrow and grades into the NW-SE trending Ruhr Graben structures which in turn are connected to the Rhine Graben. South of the Netherlands the stable Brabant Massif forms a border of the North Sea Basin. Graben and horst structures, some of which are still tectonically active, are frequently found in the subsoil. During the Quaternary the fault systems have been very active. Thicknesses of the Quaternary series are therefore characterised by strong differences especially in the southern parts.
KeywordsTidal Flat Coastal Dune Hydrological System Peat Deposit Groundwater Flow System
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