Regional Hydrological Systems Analysis in the northern coastal plain of Java, Indonesia

  • G. B. Engelen
  • F. H. Kloosterman
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 20)

Abstract

Groundwater conditions in extensive humid tropical coastal lowlands such as found along the northern side of the island of Java, are closely related to the overall clayey and silty character of the sediments. The ample supply of suspended sediments in the present-day tropical humid and monsoonal setting is sufficient to result in a net outbuilding of coastal lowlands in a shallow marine and deltaic environment. Hydraulic gradients are far too small and permeabilities are usually too low, to ensure adequate flushing by groundwater flows of the recently deposited marine and deltaic sediments. In general, when marine and deltaic sediments predominate, fairly unfavourable groundwater conditions are met. Shallow and deep groundwaters may be highly mineralised (TDS up to several grams per litre) and mostly unfit for human or livestock consumption, even at great distances from a present-day coastline.

Keywords

Groundwater Flow Deep Groundwater Groundwater Flow System Deltaic Plain Coastal Lowland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Kloosterman, RH., 1989. Groundwater Flow Systems in the Northern Coastal Lowlands of West- and Central Java, Indonesia; An Earth-Scientific Approach. Ph.D thesis, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 298 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. B. Engelen
    • 1
  • F. H. Kloosterman
    • 1
  1. 1.TNO Institute of Applied GeoscienceDelftThe Netherlands

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