Effects of Large-Scale Structure upon the Determination of Ho from Time Delays
We have analyzed the effects of both large-scale inhomogeneities in the mass distribution and cosmological gravitational waves upon the time delay between two images in a gravitational lens system. We have shown that their leading order effect, which could potentially bias the determination of the Hubble parameter, is indistinguishable from a change in the relative angle between the source and the lens axis. Since the absolute angular position of the source is not directly measurable, nor does it enter the relationship between the Hubble parameter and the lens observables, the determination of Ho from gravitational lens time delays follows in the usual way, as if the metric perturbations were absent.
KeywordsHubble Parameter Gravitational Lens Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy Transverse Separation Image Path
- Surpi, G.C., Harari, D.D., & Frieman, J.A., 1995, ApJ, in pressGoogle Scholar