Convergence of Cluster Properties Towards Bulk Behavior: How Large is Large?

  • Olof Echt
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 313)


Recent progress in experimental techniques has made it possible to explore properties of clusters containing hundreds or thousands of monomers from two different venues: Preparing ever smaller particles in solution, or growing ever larger particles in the gas phase. Results obtained through these approaches will be used to illustrate the evolution of bulk properties in clusters with increasing size. In many cases, properties approximately scale as the inverse cluster radius and, hence, will have converged to the bulk limit within about 10% when the cluster size exceeds 103 monomers, equivalent to a radius of 1 to 2 nm. However, there are several properties that do not exhibit a simple 1/r dependence.


Cluster Size High Occupied Molecular Orbital Spectral Shift Cluster Property Cluster Anion 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olof Echt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department Of PhysicsUniversity of New HampshireDurhamUSA

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