Derivation of Geophysical Parameters from AVHRR Data

  • Gérard Dedieu
Part of the Euro Courses book series (EURS, volume 5)


In this chapter we present recent research developments in the use of data derived from the NOAA-AVHRR together with various types of models and ancillary data. The synergistic use of models and data is a promising way for the future use of remotely-sensed data. First, it provides a quantitative retrieval of geophysical parameters, such as surface albedo, which are closely related to satellite measurements. Second, this approach is attractive since coupling models and data may allow the estimation of model parameters (e.g. leaf area index) which are not directly linked to radiance measurements per se.

In this chapter we present two examples of studies which illustrate the combined use of satellite data and models to retrieve geophysical parameters. The objective of the first study is the assessment of surface albedo from AVHRR directional measurements in the shortwave channels. The aim of the second study is to estimate vegetational Net Primary Productivity at the global scale. In addition, these studies require measurements of the highest possible precision, and then consideration will illustrate the current state-of-the-art in data processing capabilities.

In their respective domains, these studies are at the forefront of current remote sensing applications, and the results presented here are preliminary. Further work is needed, particularly regarding validation. However, we think that these two studies represent significant examples of the new trends in the use of satellite measuremen


Remote Sensing Zenith Angle Surface Albedo Solar Zenith Angle Heterotrophic Respiration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© ECSC, EEC, EAEC, Brussels and Luxembourg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gérard Dedieu
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité mixte CNES-CNRSLERTSToulouse CedexFrance

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