Implications for the Conservation of Wheat Landraces in Turkey from a Household Model of Varietal Choice
The implementation of in situ conservation methods in conjunction with ex situ conservation efforts has been increasingly promoted and accepted in recent years (Maxted, Ford-Lloyd, and Hawkes, 1997). Despite the potential advantages of conserving traditional varieties on farms, however, a large gap remains between the observation of de facto conservation by farmers in areas of crop diversity and the establishment of a viable, long-term framework for on-farm conservation. De facto conservation refers to the decision by some farmers to continue cultivating landraces, even though modern varieties are available to them. The evidence of de facto conservation found in a number of detailed studies in areas of crop diversity (Brush, 1992; Dennis, 1987; chapter 7) is promising but provides insufficient assurance that society can rely indefinitely on farm households to conserve these resources.
KeywordsModern Variety Traditional Variety Crop Breeding Wheat Landrace Inverse Mill Ratio
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