Advertisement

CORINE Land Cover and Land Cover Change Products

  • György Büttner
Chapter
Part of the Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing book series (RDIP, volume 18)

Abstract

CORINE Land Cover (CLC) was specified to standardize data collection on land in Europe to support environmental policy development. Since the late 1980s, three iterations of this land cover inventories have been realised (timed around 1990, 2000 and 2006). The 4th inventory recently commenced, as part of the GIO land (GMES Initial Operations Land) project. CLC is widely used in indicator development, environmental modelling and land use/land cover change analysis in the European context. The number of participating countries has increased over time – currently 39, including 32 European Environment Agency (EEA) member countries and seven cooperating countries, with a total area coverage of 5,8 Mkm2. Ortho-corrected high spatial resolution satellite images provide the geometrical basis for mapping. In-situ data (e.g. topographic maps, ortho-photos, and ground survey data) are essential ancillary information. The project is mainly co-financed by the European Commission and participating countries and implemented by national teams under the management and quality control of EEA. The basic technical parameters of CLC (i.e. nomenclature, 25 ha minimum mapping unit and 100 m minimum mapping width) have not changed since the beginning of the project; therefore the results of the different inventories are comparable. The method of mapping has, however, changed significantly. Working on plastic overlay at the start was fully replaced by computer assisted photo-interpretation (CAPI). In the Scandinavian countries and recently in Germany and Ireland, labour-intensive photo-interpretation was partly substituted by a semi-automatic classification methodology based on the integration of existing land use data, satellite image processing and generalization. CORINE Land Cover Changes (CLCC) are derived from satellite imagery by the direct mapping of changes based on image-to-image comparison. Change mapping applies a 5 ha MMU to pick up much more detail in CLCC layer than in CLC status layer. Two European validation studies have shown that the achieved accuracy is above the specified minimum (85 %) for CLC, as well as for CLCC. Results of the three CLC inventories can be downloaded from the EEA Data Service free of charge for all users. One of the proposed ways to increase the value of CLC in the future is to populate landscape level objects of the CLC database with high spatial resolution land cover features. The GIO land project is making the first steps towards this.

Keywords

Land Cover Satellite Imagery European Space Agency European Environment Agency CORINE Land Cover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first CORINE Land Cover inventory was technically coordinated by Chris Steenmans and Michel Bossard. The nomenclature was finalised by Michel Bossard and Jan Feranec. In the CLC2000 and CLC2006 projects, the following experts contributed to the work of the CLC Technical Team led by the author: Barbara Kosztra, Jan Feranec, Gabriel Jaffrain, László Mari (verification), Gergely Maucha, Robert Pataki (validation) and Tomas Soukup (final technical control and European integration). Advices given by Geoff Smith to restructure the article are highly appreciated. Last but not least, the author would like to acknowledge the contribution of all national project managers and national teams.

References

  1. Aune-Lundberg L, G-H Strand (2010) CORINE Land Cover 2006. The Norwegian CLC2006 project. Report from the Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, 11/2010Google Scholar
  2. Balzter H et al (2011) GMES Initial Operations (GIO) Land Monitoring 201 –2013 Pan-EU Component. National Project Plan for the UK, University of Leicester, December 2011Google Scholar
  3. Bossard M, Feranec J, Otahel J (2000) CORINE Land Cover technical guide – addendum 2000. EEA technical report no. 40Google Scholar
  4. Büttner G, Kosztra B (2007) CLC2006 Technical Guidelines, EEA, technical report 17/2007Google Scholar
  5. Büttner G, Maucha G (2006) The thematic accuracy of CORINE land cover 2000. assessment using LUCAS. EEA technical report no 7/2006. ISSN 1725-2237Google Scholar
  6. Büttner G, Feranec J, Jaffrain G (2002a) CORINE Land Cover update 2000, technical guidelines, EEA technical report no. 89Google Scholar
  7. Büttner G, Maucha G, Taracsák G: Inter-Change (2002b) A software support for interpreting land cover changes. In: Proceedings of the 22nd EARSeL symposium, Prague, 4–6 June 2002; pp 93–98, Millpress, 2003Google Scholar
  8. Büttner G, Feranec J, Jaffrain G, Mari L, Maucha G, Soukup T (2004) The CORINE Land Cover 2000 Project. http://www.eproceedings.org/static/vol03_3/03_3_buttner2.pdf
  9. Büttner G, Kosztra B, Maucha G, Pataki R (2010) Implementation and achievements of CLC2006, final report, EEA, 2010Google Scholar
  10. Büttner G, Maucha G, Kosztra B (2011) European validation of Land Cover changes in CLC2006 project, EARSeL symposium, Prague 2011, Remote Sensing and Geoinformation, not only for Scientific Cooperation, Lena Halounová (Editor)Google Scholar
  11. CLC2000 Finland final report (2005) Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)Google Scholar
  12. CLC2006, CLC2000, CLC-Changes in Iceland (2009) Final report, National Land Survey of IcelandGoogle Scholar
  13. EEA Task Force (1992) CORINE Land Cover. A European community projectGoogle Scholar
  14. EEC regulation (1210/1990)Google Scholar
  15. Engberg A (2005) Swedish CLC2000 final report, LantmäterietGoogle Scholar
  16. European Commission (2005) Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES: From Concept to Reality), COM 2005 565 finalGoogle Scholar
  17. Feranec J, Büttner G, Jaffrain G (2007) Illustrated guide, “CORINE Land Cover nomenclature” (Corrections of the Addendum 2000)Google Scholar
  18. GMES Space Component Data Access Portfolio, Data Warehouse (2011–2014). http://gmesdata.esa.int/web/gsc/dap_document
  19. Herold M, Hubald R, Di Gregorio A (2009) Translating and evaluating land cover legends using the UN Land Cover Classification System. http://nofc.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/gofc-gold/Report%20Series/GOLD_43.pdf
  20. Heymann Y, Steenmans C, Croissille G, Bossard M (1994) CORINE Land Cover. Technical guide. EUR12585 Luxembourg, office for official publications of the ECGoogle Scholar
  21. Implementation of Pan-EU Component of GIO Land in Germany. Federal Environment Agency Germany, June 2012Google Scholar
  22. Irish National Project Plan for implementation of GIO Land Monitoring Activities (2011–2013) Environmental Protection Agency, January 2012Google Scholar
  23. Lima V (2009) Report on progress WP1.3, 3rd Steering Committee meeting, EEA, 22 April 2009Google Scholar
  24. Maucha G, G Taracsák, G Büttner (2004) Methodological questions of CORINE Land Cover change mapping. In: Proceedings of the 2nd international workshop on the analysis of multi-temporal remote sensing images, MultiTemp-2003 workshop. World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, pp 302–313Google Scholar
  25. REGULATION (EU) No 911/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010 on the European Earth monitoring programme (GMES) and its initial operations (2011 to 2013)        http://www.google.com/search?q=EU+Regulation±%28EU%29±n%C2%B0911%2F2010
  26. Sjolbørg Flo Heggem E, Strand G-H (2010) CORINE Land Cover 2000. The Norwegian CLC20000 project. Report from the Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, 10/2010Google Scholar
  27. Steenmans C, Büttner G (2006) Mapping land cover of Europe for 2006 under GMES. In: Proceedings of the 2nd workshop of the EARSeL SIG on land use and land cover. Bonn, Germany, 28–30 September, 2006, pp 202–207Google Scholar
  28. The Lucas survey. European statisticians monitor territory, Updated edition (2003) EC, http://www.uni-mannheim.de/edz/pdf/eurostat/03/KS-AZ-03-001-EN-N-EN.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European Environment Agency (EEA)CopenhagenDenmark

Personalised recommendations