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Special Cements

  • Wieslaw Kurdowski
Chapter

Abstract

In these chapter cements not covered with the standards are presented. Probably the most popular were calcium aluminate cements produced by melting or by sintering. These cements have very high early strength, being useful in concrete placing at low temperature. They have excellent resistance to chemical attacks. Their usage in construction decreased significantly because of conversion phenomenon. Calcium aluminate cements have refractory properties.

White cement has very low iron content, Cr and Mn. White clinker is produced in reduction atmosphere.

In the production of expansive cements ettringite formation is used and the most popular is technology in which Klein’s complex is added to Portland cement. Ettringite structure is discussed.

Phase composition of low energy cements differs significantly from Portland cement. They contain belite, Klein’s complex and brownmillerite or, instead of Klein’s complex calcium aluminates CA or C12A7.

Rapid setting and some untypical rapid hardening cements are presented, which are mixture of Portland cement with calcium aluminate or with addition of C11A7CaF2. The end of chapter devoted to alinite, oilwell and Sorel’s cements. Alinite cement has a relatively high calcium chloride content, which became bund in alite and in C11A7CaCl2 phase. There are several oilwell cements, which have low C3A content and addition of set retarders. Sorel’s paste is obtained by mixing magnesium oxide with magnesium chloride solution. It is not hydraulic, but has high strength.

The chapter 9 ends with the presentation of concrete impregnated with polymers and description of Macro Defects Free Cement.

Keywords

Portland Cement Calcium Hydroxide Calcium Aluminate Rotary Kiln Crystallization Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instytut Szkła I Materiałów BudowlanychKrakówPoland

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