Skip to main content

Experiencing Organic Mixed Crop Dairy Systems: A Step-by-Step Design Centred on a Long-term Experiment

Abstract

To provide more sustainability for their farming activity, farmers may attempt to redesign it according to their perception of their global environment. This paper focuses on the step-by-step design approach. The main objective of this approach is to produce resources to empower farmers to develop a more sustainable farming activity. We postulate that self-sufficient agricultural systems designed on the basis of natural land properties will generate sustainable farming activity. The methodology developed is anthropocentric and centred on a long-term experiment. Two organic and self-sufficient mixed-crop dairy systems were designed in 2004 at the INRA ASTER-Mirecourt Experimental Station. Research scientists designed and redesigned the systems, step-by-step, according to their perception of the natural properties of their agro-ecological environment. Since 2005, the two systems have been evolving by repairing system malfunctions or by improving their self-sufficiency. Step-by-step design is an approach based on methodologies that create experience in situations. This approach has proven its relevance to create knowledge for (i) the transition of farming systems towards more self-sufficient forms of agricultural activity, and (ii) the adaptation of systems to environmental fluctuations.

Keywords

  • Design
  • Long-term experiment
  • Experience
  • Organic
  • Self-sufficiency
  • Mixed crop dairy systems
  • Grazing system

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7927-3_11
  • Chapter length: 17 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   219.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-007-7927-3
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   279.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 11.1
Fig. 11.2
Fig. 11.3

References

  • Auricoste C, Deffontaines JP, Fiorelli JL, Osty PL (1985) Points de vue d’agronomes sur l’évaluation des potentialités des terrains en friches ou en parcours. Bulletin Technique d’Information, 301–306

    Google Scholar 

  • Béguin P (2010) Conduite de projet et fabrication collective du travail: une approche développementale. Sciences sociales: société, santé, décision. Habilitation à Diriger la Recherche. Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, p 188

    Google Scholar 

  • Benoit M, Tournadre H, Dulphy JP, Laignel G, Prache S, Cabaret J (2009) Is intensification of ewe reproduction rhythm sustainable in an organically managed sheep production system? A 4-year interdisciplinary study. Animal 3:753–763

    CAS  PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Blazy JM, Tixier P, Thomas A, Ozier-Lafontaine H, Salmon F, Wery J (2010) BANAD: A farm model for ex ante assessment of agro-ecological innovations and its application to banana farms in Guadeloupe. Agricult Sys 103(4):221–232

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bochu JL, Risoud B, Mousset J (2008) Consommation d’énergie et émissions de GES des exploitations en agriculture biologique: synthèse des résultats PLANETE 2006. Colloque international: Agriculture biologique et changement climatique. Contribution de l’agriculture biologique et de nos choix alimentaires à l’effet de serre, Lempdes (FRA), p 8

    Google Scholar 

  • Broberg O (2010) Workspace design: a case study applying participatory design principles of healthy workplaces in an industrial setting. Int J Technol Manag 51(1):39–56

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Coquil X, Blouet A, Fiorelli JL, Bazard C, Trommenschlager JM (2009a) Conception de systèmes laitiers en agriculture biologique: une entrée agronomique. Productions Animales 22:221–234

    Google Scholar 

  • Coquil X, Trommenschlager JM, Bazard C, Despres S, Delaby L (2009b) Valorisation par les vaches laitières de mélanges céréales/protéagineux fermiers dans une ration hivernale. Innovations Agronomiques 4:145–149

    Google Scholar 

  • Coquil X, Gerber M, Etienne C, Peigné J (submitted). Pioneering by experiencing: agronomic innovation restricted by professional values of designers. The case of tillage strategies in organic agriculture

    Google Scholar 

  • Dedieu B, Louault F, Tournadre H, Benoît M, De Montard FX, Thériez M, Brelurut A, Toporenko G, Pailleux JY, Liénard G (2002) Conception de systèmes d’élevage intégrant des préoccupations environnementales: contribution d’une expérimentation système en production ovin viande. In: agronomique, I.N.-I.n.d.l.r., Institut de, l.E (eds) 9. Rencontres Recherches Ruminants. Institut de l’Elevage, Paris (FRA), pp 391–394

    Google Scholar 

  • Delaby L, Faverdin P, Michel G, Disenhaus C, Peyraud JL (2009) Effect of different feeding strategies on lactation performance of Holstein and Normande dairy cows. Animal 3:891–905

    CAS  PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Dogliotti S, Rossing WAH, van Ittersum MK (2003) ROTAT, a tool for systematically generating crop rotations. Eur J Agronomy 19(2):239–250

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Godard O, Hubert B (2002) Le développement durable et la recherche scientifique à l’INRA. Rapport à Madame la directrice générale de l’INRA. Décembre 2002, p 58

    Google Scholar 

  • Gouttenoire L, Fiorelli JL, Trommenschlager, JM, Coquil X, Cournut S (2010) Understanding the reproductive performance of a dairy cattle herd by using both analytical and systemic approaches: a case study based on a system experiment. Animal 4:827–841

    CAS  PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Joas H (1999) La créativité de l’agir. les éditions du Cerf, Paris, 306

    Google Scholar 

  • Kummer S, Leitgeb F, Vogl CR (2008) Changes as triggers and as results of farmers’ experiments: examples of organic farmers in Austria. 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont-Ferrand (France), 413–422

    Google Scholar 

  • Lamine C, Bellon S (2008) Conversion to organic farming: a multidimensional research object at the crossroads of agricultural and social sciences. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 29:97–112

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Legrand P, Fraval A, Laurent C (2002) INRA faced with sustainable development: landmarks for the Johannesburg conference. Dossiers de l’Environnement de l’INRA, p 212

    Google Scholar 

  • Lopez-Ridaura S, Van Der Werf H, Paillat JM, Le Bris B (2009) Environmental evaluation of transfer and treatment of excess pig slurry by life cycle assessment. J Environ Manage 90:1296–1304

    CAS  PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Meynard JM (2008) Produire autrement: réinventer les systèmes de culture. In: Reau R, Doré T (eds) Systèmes de cultures innovants et durables: quelles méthodes pour les mettre au point et les évaluer? Educagri éditions

    Google Scholar 

  • Mischler P, Lheureux S, Dumoulin F, Menu P, Sene O, Hopquin JP, Cariolle M, Reau R, Munier-Jolain N, Faloya V, Boizard H, Meynard JM (2009) Huit fermes de grande culture engagées en production intégrée réduisent les pesticides sans baisse de marge. Courrier de l’environnement de l’INRA 57:73–91

    Google Scholar 

  • Osty PL (1978) L’exploitation agricole vue comme un système: diffusion de l’innovation et contribution au développement. BTI 326:43–49

    Google Scholar 

  • Pastré P (2009) Didactique professionnelle et conceptualisation dans l’action. In: Barbier JM, Bourgeois E, Chapelle G, Ruano-orba JC (eds) PUF Encyclopédie de la formation, p 1236

    Google Scholar 

  • Reau R, Meynard JM, Robert D, Gitton C (1996) Des essais factoriels aux essais “conduite de culture”. Comité potentialités-ACTA-Ministère de l’Agriculture, de la Pêche et de l’Alimentation (DERF)-10 janvier 1996

    Google Scholar 

  • Sadok W, Angevin F, Bergez JE, Bockstaller C, Colomb B, Guichard L, Reau R, Messean A, Dore T (2009) MASC, a qualitative multi-attribute decision model for ex ante assessment of the sustainability of cropping systems. Agron Sustain Dev 29:447–461

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schwartz Y (2009) Produire des savoirs entre adhérence et désadhérence. In: Beguin P, Cerf M (eds) Dynamique des savoirs, dynamique des changements. Octares, Toulouse, pp 15–28

    Google Scholar 

  • Sebillotte M, Soler LG (1990) Les processus de décision des agriculteurs. In: Brossier J, Vissac B, Le Moigne, JL (eds) Modélisation systémique et système agraire: Décision et organisation: Actes du séminaire du département de recherches sur les systèmes agraires et le développement (SAD). INRA, St-Maximin, pp 3–117

    Google Scholar 

  • Sève L (1987) La personnalité en gestation. In: Je, sur l’Individualité, Messidor, Editions Sociales. Cité par Schwartz Y (1992) Une science du sujet singulier est-elle possible? In: Travail et Philosophie. Convocations mutuelles. Première edition (1992) Octares edition, Toulouse

    Google Scholar 

  • Simon HA (1978) Rationality as process and as product of thought. Am Econ Rev 65:1–16

    Google Scholar 

  • Thompson PB (1997) The variety of sustainability in livestock farming. Proc. 4th Int. Symp. Liv. Farming Systems, Foulum, EAAP, 5–15

    Google Scholar 

  • Vaarst M, Sorensen JT (2009) Danish dairy farmers’ perceptions and attitudes related to calf-management in situations of high versus no calf mortality. Prev Vet Med 89:128–133

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Vereijken P (1997) A methodical way of prototyping integrated and ecological arable farming systems (I/EAFS) in interaction with pilot farms. Eur J Agron 7:235–250

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Verloop J, Boumans LJM, Keulen H van, Oenema J, Hilhorst GJ, Aarts HFM, Sebek LBJ (2006) Reducing nitrate leaching to groundwater in an intensive dairy farming system. Nutr Cycl Agroecosys 74:59–74

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the collective of the INRA ASTER-Mirecourt Experimental Station for its active participation in this work. The authors thank Benoît Dedieu, Pascal Béguin and Cécile Fiorelli for their advices during the writing of this paper. The authors would also like to thank two ANR projects for their financial support: DISCOTECH (ANR-05-PADD-04-01) and O2LA (ANR-09-STRA-09).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xavier Coquil .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Coquil, X., Fiorelli, JL., Blouet, A., Mignolet, C. (2014). Experiencing Organic Mixed Crop Dairy Systems: A Step-by-Step Design Centred on a Long-term Experiment. In: Bellon, S., Penvern, S. (eds) Organic Farming, Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7927-3_11

Download citation