Advertisement

Supporting Human Trafficking Survivor Resiliency through Comprehensive Case Management

  • Lauren PessoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the International Perspectives on Migration book series (IPMI, volume 7)

Abstract

Human trafficking, often referred to as modern-day slavery, entails the exploitation of a person for commercial sex or labor through methods that include force, fraud or coercion. Many of those human trafficking survivors who are identified have experienced significant physical, sexual, emotional, social or economic abuse at the hands of their traffickers. Professionals who work with those most vulnerable to trafficking—including refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), migrant workers, runaway and homeless youth, and survivors of intimate partner violence and child abuse—must be prepared to assist. Drawing on recent literature and case examples from a social service and advocacy organization that has served survivors of both sex and labor trafficking for over a decade, this chapter reviews common psychosocial needs of human trafficking survivors, factors that foster survivor resiliency, and policy and practice implications for working with this population.

Keywords

Human trafficking Modern-day slavery Case management Trauma 

References

  1. Belser, P., de Cock, M., & Mehran, F. (2005). ILO minimum estimate of forced labour in the world. Geneva: International Labour Organization.Google Scholar
  2. Callender, T., & Dartnall, L. (2011). Briefing paper: Mental health responses for victims of sexual violence and rape in resource-poor settings. Sexual violence research initiative. http://www.svri.org/MentalHealthResponses.pdf. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  3. Clawson, H. J., Salomon, A., & Grace, L. G. (2008). Treating the hidden wounds: Trauma treatment and mental health recovery for victims of human trafficking. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.Google Scholar
  4. Finkelstein, N. (2011). Overview of Trauma & Trauma-Informed care. Presentation at the SAMHSA pre-conference training session, 73rd annual meeting of the college on problems of drug dependence, Hollywood, FL. http://conferences.jbsinternational.com/cpdd2011/pdf/Finkelstein_Overview_of_Trauma_and_Trauma-Informed_Care.pdf. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  5. Goodman, J. L. (2011). What we know about human trafficking: Research and resources. In J. L. Goodman & D. A. Leidholdt (Eds.), Lawyers manual on human trafficking: Pursuing justice for victims (pp. 1–25). New York: Supreme Court of the State of New York, Appellate Division, First Department and New York State Judicial Committee on Women in the Courts.Google Scholar
  6. Herman, J. (1997). Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  7. ibid. (2009). Potential trafficking indicators. Washington, DC: Polaris Project.Google Scholar
  8. International Human Rights Network (IHRN). (2008). Human Rights Based Approaches and EU Development Policies. http://www.ihrnetwork.org/hr-based-approaches_180.htm. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  9. Miller, K. E., & Rasco, L. M. (2004). An ecological framework for addressing the mental health of refugee communities. In K. E. Miller & L. M. Rasco (Eds.), The mental health of refugees: Ecological approaches to healing and adaptation (pp. 1–64). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Publishers.Google Scholar
  10. National Association of Case Management (NACM). (2012). NACM definition of case management & service coordination. http://www.yournacm.com/membership/what_cm_sc.html. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  11. National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC). (2011). Safety planning and prevention. Washington, DC: Polaris Project.Google Scholar
  12. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). (1993). Fact sheet no.20, refugees and human rights. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/PublicationsResources/Pages/FactSheets.aspx. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  13. Polaris Project (2010). Identifying victims of human trafficking. Washington, DC: Polaris Project. https://na4.salesforce.com/sfc/p/300000006E4SU9hCMUCg57NBhRw4.OiMQE27h4I=. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  14. Project REACH (2005). Psychological Trauma and Human Trafficking. Brookline: Project REACH.Google Scholar
  15. Siniscalchi, A. R., & Jacob, B. (2010). An effective model of case management collaboration for victims of human trafficking. Journal of global social work practice, 3(1). http://www.globalsocialwork.org/vol3no1/Siniscalchi.html. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  16. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Div. A of Pub. L. No. 106-386, § 108, as amended.Google Scholar
  17. UN General Assembly. (2000). Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the United Nations convention against transnational organized crime. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4720706c0.html. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  18. UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). (2008). Refugee protection and human trafficking. Selected legal reference materials. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/498705862.html. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  19. U.S. Department of State. (2007). 2007 Trafficking in persons report. http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2007/. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  20. U.S. Department of State. (2011). 2011 Trafficking in persons report. http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2011/. Accessed 3 July 2012.
  21. Williamson, E., Dutch, N. M., & Clawson, H. J. (2010). Evidence-based mental health treatment for victims of human trafficking. Washington, DC: HHS, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.Google Scholar
  22. Yakushko, O. (2009). Human trafficking: A review for mental health professionals. International Journal of Advanced Counseling, 31, 158–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.My Sisters’ PlaceNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations