A Social Entrepreneurship Framework for Mental Health Equity: The Program Model of the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture

  • Sean A. KiddEmail author
  • Kwame J. McKenzie
  • Mulugeta Abai
Part of the International Perspectives on Migration book series (IPMI, volume 7)


Social entrepreneurs, generating unique and highly leveraged responses to major social problems, forming strong connections within communities and creating social capital, are increasingly sources of solutions to complex problems in under-resourced settings. This chapter uses a social entrepreneurship lens to examine the work of an internationally recognized organization serving victims of torture and political oppression. Key components of social entrepreneurism promote an effective response in fragmented and under-resourced health service contexts characterized by narrow, individualistic conceptualizations of mental illness and treatment. The social entrepreneurship framework can be useful in guiding individuals and services early in their development and in providing decision makers with criteria against which they can identify services to have the greatest impact on immigrant and refugee health.


Refugee Torture Service Intervention PTSD Social entrepreneur 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sean A. Kidd
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kwame J. McKenzie
    • 1
  • Mulugeta Abai
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Canadian Centre for Victims of TortureTorontoCanada

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