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Women in English Fisheries: Roles, Contributions, Barriers and Prospects

Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE,volume 9)

Abstract

Worldwide, women play a wide range of roles in fisheries, making significant contributions to the industry across sectors from a variety of positions. However, the existing knowledge about women in today’s English fisheries is inadequate, fragmented and widely scattered in a vast body of discourse. This chapter attempts to help close this gap in knowledge with research findings from a recently-completed study of women in fisheries in England. The primary data was collected in selected coastal areas in England in 2010, with over 80 face-to-face and telephone interviews with women and men in several sectors of the industry being conducted. Geographically, the fieldwork covered 14 fishing ports in Southern and Northern England. This chapter analyses the major roles played by women and their contributions in four selected areas of the industry: capture fishing; families and communities; trading and processing; and management/administration. It also identifies the main issues and barriers that prevent women from full participation in fisheries and from a more effective involvement in policy making in the country. In conclusion, the chapter highlights the importance for women to organise themselves, with the prospect of enhancing women’s participation in various aspects of fisheries, including decision making.

Keywords

  • Gender issues in fisheries
  • Women and social cohesion
  • Women’s contribution to fishing communities in Europe
  • Social change in EU fisheries
  • Women and networking in fisheries

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The project was supported by grants from the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) UK and the European Commission.

  2. 2.

    Fish market in east London, the largest inland fish market in the UK.

  3. 3.

    NFFO refers to National Federation of Fishermen’s Organisations. CPI stands for the Centre for the Promotion of Imports from developing countries, an agency of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, which provides technical support to exporters and BSOs (Business Support Organisations) in developing countries. One of CI’s support activities is the provision of market intelligence reports, which contain all the information to keep exporters and staff of BSOs in step with the very latest developments on the EU market for their specific sector, including fisheries (www.cbi.eu/marketinfo).

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their most sincere thanks to the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs in the UK and the European Commission for their financial support to this study, to Professor Chris Bellamy for helping with the map, and most importantly to many women and men whose participation in this research was most vital for our successful completion of the project.

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Correspondence to Minghua Zhao .

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Zhao, M., Tyzack, M., Anderson, R., Onoakpovike, E. (2014). Women in English Fisheries: Roles, Contributions, Barriers and Prospects. In: Urquhart, J., Acott, T., Symes, D., Zhao, M. (eds) Social Issues in Sustainable Fisheries Management. MARE Publication Series, vol 9. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7911-2_13

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