History of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

  • Alec Groysman


Petroleum is an old name of crude oil as consists of two Latin words: petra (rock or stone) + oleum (oil). Etymology of petroleum products and their use in mankind history is described. Interesting facts in use of naphtha, gasoline, history of anti-knock additives to gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, fuel oil and asphalt also are described. Even it is noted how the expression “it smells like kerosene” appeared. It is shown that all history of mankind is related to petroleum products.


Petroleum Product Lead Poisoning Octane Number Tetraethyl Lead Motor Gasoline 
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Recommended Literature

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    Edgar G (1939) Teteraethyllead manufacture and use. Ind Eng Chem 31(12):1439–1446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Ogston AR (1981) A short history of aviation gasoline development, 1903–1980. Society of Automotive Engineers, Paper No. 810848Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Association of Engineers and Architects in IsraelIsraeli Society of Chemical Engineers & ChemistsTel AvivIsrael

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