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HIV/AIDS Related Myeleterosis and Peripheral Neuropathy

  • Hongjun Li
Chapter

Abstract

Up to now, reports about HIV/AIDS related myelopathy remain rare in China. McArthur collected 186 cases of HIV/AIDS complicated by brain and peripheral nerve lesions in the year of 1987 [11]. Only 13 cases had HIV/AIDS related myelopathy, accounting for 7 %. Levy et al. [8] reported the occurrence of HIV/AIDS related myelopathy is 2–22 % based on literature analysis. In another group of 150 patients with AIDS, 42 had HIV/AIDS related myelopathy, in which 24 % with spinal degeneration, 38 % with viral infection, 5 % with toxoplasmosis, 2 % with myelitis and the other 31 % with no pathological diagnosis [2]. Surprisingly, myelopathy is commonly found by autopsy. Peter and his fellow researchers [14] found 50 % of the total 178 patients with AIDS have myelopathy, with 29 % spinal degeneration, 5 % HIV myelitis, 8 % viral infection, 7 % other infections and 2 % lymphoma. Budka [3] retrospectively reviewed autopsies of 475 death cases from AIDS in 1997 and found that 22.5 % had spinal degeneration, 6 % myelitis, 58 % viral infection and 4.1 % fungal, bacterial and protozoal infections as well as 2.3 % lymphoma. Since the year of 1997, knowledge about the clinical treatment for HIV/AIDS complicated by myelopathy has been greatly improved.

Keywords

Spinal Cord Varicella Zoster Virus Epidural Abscess Toxoplasma Infection Abscess Wall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Extended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and People’s Medical Publishing House 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongjun Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiology Department Beijing You’an HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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